Model based approach to UXO imaging using the time domain electromagnetic method

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Time domain electromagnetic (TDEM) sensors have emerged as a field-worthy technology for UXO detection in a variety of geological and environmental settings. This success has been achieved with commercial equipment that was not optimized for UXO detection and discrimination. The TDEM response displays a rich spatial and temporal behavior which is not currently utilized. Therefore, in this paper the author describes a research program for enhancing the effectiveness of the TDEM method for UXO detection and imaging. Fundamental research is required in at least three major areas: (a) model based imaging capability i.e. the forward and inverse problem, (b) detector ... continued below

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10 p.

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Lavely, E. M. April 1, 1999.

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Description

Time domain electromagnetic (TDEM) sensors have emerged as a field-worthy technology for UXO detection in a variety of geological and environmental settings. This success has been achieved with commercial equipment that was not optimized for UXO detection and discrimination. The TDEM response displays a rich spatial and temporal behavior which is not currently utilized. Therefore, in this paper the author describes a research program for enhancing the effectiveness of the TDEM method for UXO detection and imaging. Fundamental research is required in at least three major areas: (a) model based imaging capability i.e. the forward and inverse problem, (b) detector modeling and instrument design, and (c) target recognition and discrimination algorithms. These research problems are coupled and demand a unified treatment. For example: (1) the inverse solution depends on solution of the forward problem and knowledge of the instrument response; (2) instrument design with improved diagnostic power requires forward and inverse modeling capability; and (3) improved target recognition algorithms (such as neural nets) must be trained with data collected from the new instrument and with synthetic data computed using the forward model. Further, the design of the appropriate input and output layers of the net will be informed by the results of the forward and inverse modeling. A more fully developed model of the TDEM response would enable the joint inversion of data collected from multiple sensors (e.g., TDEM sensors and magnetometers). Finally, the author suggests that a complementary approach to joint inversions is the statistical recombination of data using principal component analysis. The decomposition into principal components is useful since the first principal component contains those features that are most strongly correlated from image to image.

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10 p.

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OSTI as DE96008607

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  • Other Information: PBD: [1999]

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  • Other: DE96008607
  • Report No.: DOE/EW/12823--T8
  • Grant Number: AM01-96EW12823
  • DOI: 10.2172/329488 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 329488
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc683252

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  • April 1, 1999

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Oct. 3, 2017, 12:53 p.m.

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Lavely, E. M. Model based approach to UXO imaging using the time domain electromagnetic method, report, April 1, 1999; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc683252/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.