Investigation of an integrated switchgrass gasification/fuel cell power plant. Final report for Phase 1 of the Chariton Valley Biomass Power Project

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The Chariton Valley Biomass Power Project, sponsored by the US Department of Energy Biomass Power Program, has the goal of converting switchgrass grown on marginal farmland in southern Iowa into electric power. Two energy conversion options are under evaluation: co-firing switchgrass with coal in an existing utility boiler and gasification of switchgrass for use in a carbonate fuel cell. This paper describes the second option under investigation. The gasification study includes both experimental testing in a pilot-scale gasifier and computer simulation of carbonate fuel cell performance when operated on gas derived from switchgrass. Options for comprehensive system integration between a ... continued below

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32 p.

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Brown, R.C.; Smeenk, J. & Steinfeld, G. September 30, 1998.

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Description

The Chariton Valley Biomass Power Project, sponsored by the US Department of Energy Biomass Power Program, has the goal of converting switchgrass grown on marginal farmland in southern Iowa into electric power. Two energy conversion options are under evaluation: co-firing switchgrass with coal in an existing utility boiler and gasification of switchgrass for use in a carbonate fuel cell. This paper describes the second option under investigation. The gasification study includes both experimental testing in a pilot-scale gasifier and computer simulation of carbonate fuel cell performance when operated on gas derived from switchgrass. Options for comprehensive system integration between a carbonate fuel cell and the gasification system are being evaluated. Use of waste heat from the carbonate fuel cell to maximize overall integrated plant efficiency is being examined. Existing fuel cell power plant design elements will be used, as appropriate, in the integration of the gasifier and fuel cell power plant to minimize cost complexity and risk. The gasification experiments are being performed by Iowa State University and the fuel cell evaluations are being performed by Energy Research Corporation.

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32 p.

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OSTI as DE99001469

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  • Other Information: PBD: 30 Sep 1998

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  • Other: DE99001469
  • Report No.: DOE/GO/10148--T1
  • Grant Number: FC36-96GO10148
  • DOI: 10.2172/304010 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 304010
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc682911

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • September 30, 1998

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Nov. 15, 2015, 5:21 p.m.

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Brown, R.C.; Smeenk, J. & Steinfeld, G. Investigation of an integrated switchgrass gasification/fuel cell power plant. Final report for Phase 1 of the Chariton Valley Biomass Power Project, report, September 30, 1998; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc682911/: accessed October 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.