Investigation of polycrystalline thin film CuInSe{sub 2} solar cells based on ZnSe windows. Annual subcontract report, 15 February, 1993--14 February, 1994

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This report concerns studies of CIS solar cells based on ZnSe window layers. ZnSe/CIS devices are fabricated by growing ZnSe films by MOCVD onto Siemens CIS and graded absorber substrates. ZnSe films are grown by reacting H{sub 2}Se with a zinc adduct. ZnSe/CIS heterojunctions have been studied by depositing transparent aluminum contacts onto ZnSe. These studies indicate that ZnSe/CIS solar cells can be fabricated with an efficiency greater than 14%. Open circuit voltages are typically larger than 500 mV and the optimum range of ZnSe film thickness for maximum efficiency is between 100 {angstrom} and 250 {angstrom}. Photocurrents are significantly ... continued below

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19 p.

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Olsen, L.C. March 1, 1995.

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  • Olsen, L.C. Washington State Univ., Richland, WA (United States)

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Description

This report concerns studies of CIS solar cells based on ZnSe window layers. ZnSe/CIS devices are fabricated by growing ZnSe films by MOCVD onto Siemens CIS and graded absorber substrates. ZnSe films are grown by reacting H{sub 2}Se with a zinc adduct. ZnSe/CIS heterojunctions have been studied by depositing transparent aluminum contacts onto ZnSe. These studies indicate that ZnSe/CIS solar cells can be fabricated with an efficiency greater than 14%. Open circuit voltages are typically larger than 500 mV and the optimum range of ZnSe film thickness for maximum efficiency is between 100 {angstrom} and 250 {angstrom}. Photocurrents are significantly reduced as the film thickness exceeds 250 {angstrom}. Photoluminescence spectroscopy has been utilized to characterize the physical nature of CIS substrate surfaces, and ZnSe-CIS interfaces. These studies indicate that a segregated phase(s) exists at the surface of as received Siemens substrates. Additionally, it is determined that the segregated phase(s) still exist after the ZnSe growth process. To date, sputtered ZnO top contact layers have caused degradation of the photovoltaic properties of the ZnSe/CIS structure. Investigations of the effects of MOCVD grown ZnO upon ZnSe/CIS structures will soon be initiated. To establish the feasibility of ZnSe as a window layer, cells have been fabricated by incorporating a protective layer of CdS between the ZnSe and ZnO. A total area efficiency of 11% was obtained with such a structure.

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19 p.

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OSTI as DE95004068

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  • Other Information: PBD: Mar 1995

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  • Other: DE95004068
  • Report No.: NREL/TP--413-7684
  • Grant Number: AC36-83CH10093
  • DOI: 10.2172/41328 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 41328
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc681570

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  • March 1, 1995

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • March 31, 2016, 8:49 p.m.

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Olsen, L.C. Investigation of polycrystalline thin film CuInSe{sub 2} solar cells based on ZnSe windows. Annual subcontract report, 15 February, 1993--14 February, 1994, report, March 1, 1995; Golden, Colorado. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc681570/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.