Iron-phosphate-based chemically bonded phosphate ceramics for mixed waste stabilization

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In an effort to develop chemically bonded phosphate ceramics for mixed waste stabilization, a collaborative project to develop iron-phosphate based ceramics has been initiated between Argonne National Laboratory and the V. G. Khlopin Radium Institute in St. Petersburg, Russia. The starter powders are oxides of iron that are generated as inexpensive byproduct materials in the iron and steel industry. They contain iron oxides as a mixture of magnetite (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}) and haematite (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}). In this initial phase of this project, both of these compounds were investigated independently. Each was reacted with phosphoric acid solution to form iron ... continued below

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Wagh, A.S.; Jeong, S.Y. & Singh, D. January 1, 1997.

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In an effort to develop chemically bonded phosphate ceramics for mixed waste stabilization, a collaborative project to develop iron-phosphate based ceramics has been initiated between Argonne National Laboratory and the V. G. Khlopin Radium Institute in St. Petersburg, Russia. The starter powders are oxides of iron that are generated as inexpensive byproduct materials in the iron and steel industry. They contain iron oxides as a mixture of magnetite (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}) and haematite (Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}). In this initial phase of this project, both of these compounds were investigated independently. Each was reacted with phosphoric acid solution to form iron phosphate ceramics. In the case of magnetite, the reaction was rapid. Adding ash as the waste component containing hazardous contaminants resulted in a dense and hard ceramic rich in glassy phase. On the other hand, the reaction of phosphoric acid solution with a mixture of haematite and ash waste contaminated with cesium and americium was too slow. Samples had to be molded under pressure. They were cured for 2-3 weeks and then hardened by heating at 350{degrees}C for 3 h. The resulting ceramics in both cases were subjected to physical tests for measurement of density, open porosity, compression strength, phase analyses using X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis, and leaching tests using toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) and ANS 16.1 with 7 days of leaching. Using the preliminary information obtained from these tests, we evaluated these materials for stabilization of Department of Energy`s mixed waste streams.

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10 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE97004094

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  • Waste Management `97, Tucson, AZ (United States), 2-7 Mar 1997

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  • Other: DE97004094
  • Report No.: ANL/ET/CP--91088
  • Report No.: CONF-970335--35
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 459876
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc681372

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  • January 1, 1997

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:21 a.m.

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  • June 13, 2016, 8:08 p.m.

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Wagh, A.S.; Jeong, S.Y. & Singh, D. Iron-phosphate-based chemically bonded phosphate ceramics for mixed waste stabilization, article, January 1, 1997; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc681372/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.