Effects of temperature and pressure on the glass transitions of plastic bonded explosives

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Various plastic bonded explosives (PBXs) contain about 5-wt% polymer, plasticizer, and stabilizer as binder. The glass-transition temperature (T{sub g}) determines, in part, if the binder will reduce or increase the sensitivity of the PBX to impact. A soft binder reduces the impact sensitivity; however, too soft a binder compromises the mechanical strength below that desirable for dimensional stability. Glass transitions were measured by temperature modulated DSC for PBXs before and after pressing. Pressing temperature was 90 C. The T{sub g} of Estane, a polyester/polyurethane used in some PBX binders, was investigated. Only small changes were observed in the low temperature ... continued below

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25 p.

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Campbell, M. S.; Garcia, D. & Idar, D. December 1998.

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Various plastic bonded explosives (PBXs) contain about 5-wt% polymer, plasticizer, and stabilizer as binder. The glass-transition temperature (T{sub g}) determines, in part, if the binder will reduce or increase the sensitivity of the PBX to impact. A soft binder reduces the impact sensitivity; however, too soft a binder compromises the mechanical strength below that desirable for dimensional stability. Glass transitions were measured by temperature modulated DSC for PBXs before and after pressing. Pressing temperature was 90 C. The T{sub g} of Estane, a polyester/polyurethane used in some PBX binders, was investigated. Only small changes were observed in the low temperature T{sub g} of the soft segments but larger changes were seen in the higher temperature transitions due to the relaxation of the hard segments. The T{sub g} of Kel F 800, a binder used in insensitive PBX 9502, was observed near ambient temperature. The PBX 9502 had a lower T{sub g} than the neat polymer. Mechanical strength will be measured for the samples.

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25 p.

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OSTI as DE99002655

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  • 26. annual conference of the North American Thermal Analysis Society (NATAS), Cleveland, OH (United States), 2-15 Sep 1998

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  • Other: DE99002655
  • Report No.: LA-UR--98-3971
  • Report No.: CONF-9809133--
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 350849
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc681250

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  • December 1998

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Feb. 25, 2016, 4:13 p.m.

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Campbell, M. S.; Garcia, D. & Idar, D. Effects of temperature and pressure on the glass transitions of plastic bonded explosives, article, December 1998; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc681250/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.