Impact of increased electric vehicle use on battery recycling infrastructure

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Description

State and Federal regulations have been implemented that are intended to encourage more widespread use of low-emission vehicles. These regulations include requirements of the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and regulations pursuant to the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and the Energy Policy Act. If the market share of electric vehicles increases in response to these initiatives, corresponding growth will occur in quantities of spent electric vehicle batteries for disposal. Electric vehicle battery recycling infrastructure must be adequate to support collection, transportation, recovery, and disposal stages of waste battery handling. For some battery types, such as lead-acid, a recycling ... continued below

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17 p.

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Vimmerstedt, L.; Hammel, C. & Jungst, R. December 1, 1996.

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Description

State and Federal regulations have been implemented that are intended to encourage more widespread use of low-emission vehicles. These regulations include requirements of the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and regulations pursuant to the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and the Energy Policy Act. If the market share of electric vehicles increases in response to these initiatives, corresponding growth will occur in quantities of spent electric vehicle batteries for disposal. Electric vehicle battery recycling infrastructure must be adequate to support collection, transportation, recovery, and disposal stages of waste battery handling. For some battery types, such as lead-acid, a recycling infrastructure is well established; for others, little exists. This paper examines implications of increasing electric vehicle use for lead recovery infrastructure. Secondary lead recovery facilities can be expected to have adequate capacity to accommodate lead-acid electric vehicle battery recycling. However, they face stringent environmental constraints that may curtail capacity use or new capacity installation. Advanced technologies help address these environmental constraints. For example, this paper describes using backup power to avoid air emissions that could occur if electric utility power outages disable emissions control equipment. This approach has been implemented by GNB Technologies, a major manufacturer and recycler of lead-acid batteries. Secondary lead recovery facilities appear to have adequate capacity to accommodate lead waste from electric vehicles, but growth in that capacity could be constrained by environmental regulations. Advances in lead recovery technologies may alleviate possible environmental constraints on capacity growth.

Physical Description

17 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE97000742

Source

  • 8. international seminar on battery waste management, Boca Raton, FL (United States), 28-30 Oct 1996

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  • Other: DE97000742
  • Report No.: SAND--96-2461C
  • Report No.: CONF-961063--1
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000;AC36-83CH10093
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 414298
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc681160

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  • December 1, 1996

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • March 31, 2016, 9:09 p.m.

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Vimmerstedt, L.; Hammel, C. & Jungst, R. Impact of increased electric vehicle use on battery recycling infrastructure, article, December 1, 1996; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc681160/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.