Patton's Iron Cavalry - The Impact of the Mechanized Cavalry on the U.S. Third Army Page: 59
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later, the squadron was maneuvering against the city of Bayreuth, 50 miles to the south-southeast
of Gleicherweisen, and deep in the heart of Bavaria. By this point, German resistance had
nearly ceased, with the cavalrymen capturing 312 enemy in a single day.129 After the fighting
around Bayreuth subsided on the 16th of April, XII Corps ordered the group to move to the rear
and conduct maintenance and resupply operations for two days. During this time the 2nd
Squadron rejoined the group after completing its rear area security mission.
The Dragoons moved back into action on 18 April, this time protecting the north flank of
the Corps as it attacked towards Czechoslovakia. The Wehrmacht's resistance began to stiffen
as the group moved east. On 20 April, a battalion-sized element of Germans attempted to
prevent the 2nd MCG from seizing the town of As, just inside the Czechoslovakian border, 30
miles to the east, northeast of Bayreuth. After heavy fighting, the group, reinforced by the 358th
Infantry Regiment drove the Germans from the town, taking 250 prisoners.130 This action
demonstrates the potential of the cavalry against a dismounted enemy when its firepower was
paired with substantial dismounted forces of its own.
One of the most remarkable episodes in the history of the 2nd Cavalry began on 28 April.
A Troop, 42nd Squadron attacked and seized the town of Hostoufi in Czechoslovakia in an effort
to rescue Allied POWs. This town contained not only approximately 300 friendly prisoners of
war, but also a remount station containing approximately 670 horses, including a significant
number of the Lipizzaner Stallion breeding herd.131 Once this was reported to General George S.
Patton, he ordered these horses removed from Czechoslovakia, which was to fall under the
Soviet occupation zone into Germany. Thus, shortly after the cessation of hostilities, on 12 May,
129 ",42nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron After Action Report, April 1945," 14.
130 bid., 16.
131 2nd Cavalry Association, The Ghosts of Patton's Third Army- A History of the Second U.S. Cavalry,
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Nance, William Stuart. Patton's Iron Cavalry - The Impact of the Mechanized Cavalry on the U.S. Third Army, thesis, May 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc68023/m1/65/: accessed March 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .