Patton's Iron Cavalry - The Impact of the Mechanized Cavalry on the U.S. Third Army Page: 26
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"employ infiltration tactics rather than combat to gain information."46 Training Circular 107
became the primary basis for American mechanized cavalry doctrine for the rest of the war, with
its statements reappearing, almost verbatim in the 1944 edition of FM 100-5.47 This doctrine
would help shape the table of organization and equipment of the mechanized cavalry.
A mechanized cavalry group consisted of no more than two mechanized cavalry
reconnaissance squadrons with a headquarters element. This organization basically set up a
headquarters that could take care of the administration for the two attached squadrons.48
Moreover, these squadrons were not organic to the group, allowing for rapid detachment to other
units or missions, including independent assignments. Each squadron consisted of three
reconnaissance troops, a light tank company, and an assault gun company. The reconnaissance
troops were made up of three platoons of three M8 Greyhounds and six 14 ton jeeps each. Each
reconnaissance troop also had 27 riflemen for use as dismounts.49 The reconnaissance troops
were also heavily armed with machine guns and mortars, with each troop possessing nine 60mm
mortars and multiple .30 caliber machine guns. In fact, the cavalry squadron possessed more
machine guns than a regular American infantry battalion.50 The light tank company consisted of
seventeen M5s equipped with 37mm cannons.51 The assault gun troop had six 75mm HMC M8
Scott self-propelled guns organized into two platoons. Each squadron consisted of
approximately thirty-one officers, two Warrant Officers, and 721 enlisted men, although the
46 Ibid., 3.
47 War Department, FM100-5. Field Service Regulations. Operations, 1944 (Washington, D.C.: GPO,
1944), paragraph 38.
48 Robert R. Palmer, Bell I. Wiley and William R. Keast,_ The United States Army in World War II. The
Procurement and Training of Ground Combat Troops, (Washington DC: Historical Division, 1948), 522.
49 U.S. Army, V Corps Operations Memorandum. Operation of Corps Cavalry on Terrain of Normandy 25
June 1944, 1.
so The General Board, "Mechanized Cavalry Units" (United States Forces, European Theater, Study
Number 49, 1945), Annex 8, 2.
51U.S. Army, V Corps Operations Memorandum. Operation of Corps Cavalry on Terrain of Normandy 25
June 1944, 1.
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Nance, William Stuart. Patton's Iron Cavalry - The Impact of the Mechanized Cavalry on the U.S. Third Army, thesis, May 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc68023/m1/32/: accessed March 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .