Patton's Iron Cavalry - The Impact of the Mechanized Cavalry on the U.S. Third Army Page: 10
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Relief Expedition, earning 46 campaign streamers. Most famous for its actions at the battle of
Resaca de la Palma in the Mexican War, the 2nd Cavalry was considered a mainstay of the old
army. In 1942 the personnel and equipment of the regiment were transferred to the 2nd Armored
Regiment, and a newly raised regiment was designated as the 2nd Cavalry Regiment in early
The 3d Cavalry Group came from a similarly historic background as the 2nd, having
earned 32 campaign streamers in six wars prior to the U.S. entry into the Second World War.
Formed in 1846, the 3d was seen as the elite of the cavalry having been stationed for a number of
years as the Army's honor guard at Fort Myer, Virginia. Once again, despite such an illustrious
history, the group that actually fought in Europe was only activated in January 1943, with the old
regiment with most of its personnel being re-designated as the 3rd Armored Regiment in 1942.6
The 6th Cavalry group was one of the few regular army cavalry formations to retain the
majority of its personnel during the creation of the armored force. A unit with a long and proud
history, the 6th had been raised in 1861 and served continuously prior to the Second World War,
earning 31 campaign streamers in seven conflicts, perhaps most notably, the China Relief
Expedition. The 6th Cavalry had participated in the branch's modernization experiments in the
1930s, and prior to the outbreak of war had been organized as horse-mechanized regiment with
horse trailers assigned to the regiment for additional operational mobility. The stability of the
group's personnel would allow it to achieve an enviable combat record in Europe.7
The 15th Cavalry group was newly activated in March 1942 after a long period of
inactive status. Originally raised in 1901, the regiment had served in the Philippine Insurrection
James A. Sawicki, Cavalry Regiments of the U.S. Army (Dumfries, VA: Wyvem Publications, 1985), 153-
6 Ibid., 155-157.
7 Ibid., 162-164.
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Nance, William Stuart. Patton's Iron Cavalry - The Impact of the Mechanized Cavalry on the U.S. Third Army, thesis, May 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc68023/m1/16/: accessed April 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .