Thermodynamics of calcium silicate hydrates, development of a database to model concrete dissolution at 25°C using the EQ3/6 geochemical modeling code

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Examination of the ability to model aqueous systems of interest to the repository proposed by the Yucca Mountain Project has revealed an historical deficit in the ability to model complex waterÐmaterial systems that contain ordinary Portland cement (OPC) at elevated temperature (e.g., Bruton et al., 1994; Meike et al., 1994). One of the reasons is that cement chemistry typically concentrates on two issues of importance to the concrete industry: the hydration of cement powder, which contains reactive phases that do not persist in the cured concrete, and the causes of mechanical degradation at earth surface temperatures such as delayed ettringite ... continued below

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696 Kilobytes

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Clodic, L. & Meike, A. August 18, 1997.

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Description

Examination of the ability to model aqueous systems of interest to the repository proposed by the Yucca Mountain Project has revealed an historical deficit in the ability to model complex waterÐmaterial systems that contain ordinary Portland cement (OPC) at elevated temperature (e.g., Bruton et al., 1994; Meike et al., 1994). One of the reasons is that cement chemistry typically concentrates on two issues of importance to the concrete industry: the hydration of cement powder, which contains reactive phases that do not persist in the cured concrete, and the causes of mechanical degradation at earth surface temperatures such as delayed ettringite formation and alkali silica reaction. Such modeling capability is not available in the open literature, even from applications that might have developed high temperature approaches, such as deep drilling for oil and geothermal resource recovery. The ability to simulate the interaction between concrete, as it evolves over time, and water has become more critical as repository designers begin to consider the incorporation of OPC materials in the emplacement drifts. The Yucca Mountain Project is unique among the high-level radioactive waste repository projects in the world in terms of the need to understand and predict processes in excess of 100°C (see, e.g., Meike, 1997). Our aim has been to develop this capability in the area of aqueous chemistry.

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696 Kilobytes

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  • Other: DE00002896
  • Report No.: UCRL-ID-132088
  • Grant Number: W-7405-Eng-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/2896 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 2896
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc680216

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  • August 18, 1997

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Feb. 24, 2016, 3:55 p.m.

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Clodic, L. & Meike, A. Thermodynamics of calcium silicate hydrates, development of a database to model concrete dissolution at 25°C using the EQ3/6 geochemical modeling code, report, August 18, 1997; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc680216/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.