Cross flow induced vibrations in staggered arrays of cylindrical structures

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Flow induced vibrations cause by instability is the subject of this investigation. The bulk of the work performed is theoretical in nature, the comparison with some of existing experimental data is given for each of four models described. First model encompasses the effects of prescribed motion on the cylinder. Such circumstances occur in the case of vortex shedding initiated instability. The reduced velocity within the cylinder array is low and there is no coupling between the adjacent cylinders. Second model assumes certain form of vibration and corresponding behavior of the perturbed velocity field in temporal and one of spatial coordinates ... continued below

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Medium: P; Size: 192 p.

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Marn, J. December 31, 1991.

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Description

Flow induced vibrations cause by instability is the subject of this investigation. The bulk of the work performed is theoretical in nature, the comparison with some of existing experimental data is given for each of four models described. First model encompasses the effects of prescribed motion on the cylinder. Such circumstances occur in the case of vortex shedding initiated instability. The reduced velocity within the cylinder array is low and there is no coupling between the adjacent cylinders. Second model assumes certain form of vibration and corresponding behavior of the perturbed velocity field in temporal and one of spatial coordinates thus transforming partial differential equations into ordinary differential equations and takes into account the motion of the neighboring cylinder. This corresponds to fluid elastic controlled instabilities. The resulting equations are solved analytically. The model is used for better understanding of the equations of cylinder motion as well as for quick estimates of threshold of instability. Third model relaxes an assumption about the form of vibration in spatial direction and uses the vorticity formulation of equation of fluid motion to account for fluid-solid interaction. This model analysis is of two phase (air-water mixture) flow. The void fraction distribution is found to be the single most decisive factor to determine the onset of instability for such a domain. In conclusion, two distinct mechanism were found to be responsible for flow induced vibration caused instabilities, (1) outside source controlled periodic excitation (such as vortex shedding) -- described by the first model and (2) fluid elastic forces -- described by second, third and fourth models. For the values of reduced velocity below 0.7 first model is proposed, for the values above 0.7, the rest.

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Medium: P; Size: 192 p.

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OSTI as DE95006083

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  • Other Information: TH: Thesis (Ph.D.)

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  • Other: DE95006083
  • Report No.: DOE/ER/12902--T1
  • Grant Number: FG02-89ER12902
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 34262
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc679374

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  • December 31, 1991

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Nov. 19, 2015, 6:48 p.m.

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Marn, J. Cross flow induced vibrations in staggered arrays of cylindrical structures, thesis or dissertation, December 31, 1991; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc679374/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.