Simple catalytic cell for restoring He leak detector sensitivity on vacuum systems with high D{sub 2} backgrounds

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The DIII-D National Fusion Facility at General Atomics focuses on plasma physics and fusion energy science. The DIII-D tokamak is a 35 m{sup 3} toroidal vacuum vessel with over 200 ports for diagnostic instrumentation, cryogenics, microwave heating, and four large neutral beam injectors. Maintaining vacuum in the 10{sup {minus}8} Torr range is crucial for producing high performance plasma discharges. He leak checking the DIII-D tokamak and the neutral beamlines has historically been difficult. D{sub 2} is used as the fuel gas in most plasma discharges and neutral beams. After plasma operations, D{sub 2} out-gassing from the torus walls and internal ... continued below

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22 p.

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Busath, J. & Chiu, H.K. December 1, 1998.

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  • General Atomic Company
    Publisher Info: General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
    Place of Publication: San Diego, California

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The DIII-D National Fusion Facility at General Atomics focuses on plasma physics and fusion energy science. The DIII-D tokamak is a 35 m{sup 3} toroidal vacuum vessel with over 200 ports for diagnostic instrumentation, cryogenics, microwave heating, and four large neutral beam injectors. Maintaining vacuum in the 10{sup {minus}8} Torr range is crucial for producing high performance plasma discharges. He leak checking the DIII-D tokamak and the neutral beamlines has historically been difficult. D{sub 2} is used as the fuel gas in most plasma discharges and neutral beams. After plasma operations, D{sub 2} out-gassing from the torus walls and internal beamline components can exceed 10{sup {minus}4} std cc/s. The mass of the D{sub 2} molecule (4.028 u) is indistinguishable from that of the He atom (4.003 u) to a standard mass spectrometer leak detector. High levels of D{sub 2} reduce leak detector sensitivity and effectively mask the He trace gas signal rendering normal leak checking techniques ineffective. A simple apparatus was developed at GA to address these problems. It consists of a palladium based catalyst cell and associated valves and piping placed in series with the leak detector. This reduces the D{sub 2} throughput by a factor greater than 10,000, restoring leak detector sensitivity. This paper will briefly discuss the development of the cell, the physical processes involved, the tests performed to quantify and optimize the processes, and the operational results at DIII-D.

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22 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE99001203

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  • 45. annual American Vacuum Society symposium and topical conference, Baltimore, MD (United States), 2-6 Nov 1998

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  • Other: DE99001203
  • Report No.: GA--A22965
  • Report No.: CONF-981126--
  • Grant Number: AC03-89ER51114
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 291187
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc679325

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  • December 1, 1998

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • April 18, 2016, 5:47 p.m.

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Busath, J. & Chiu, H.K. Simple catalytic cell for restoring He leak detector sensitivity on vacuum systems with high D{sub 2} backgrounds, article, December 1, 1998; San Diego, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc679325/: accessed December 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.