An investigation of a passively controlled haptic interface

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Description

Haptic interfaces enhance cooperation between humans and robotic manipulators by providing force and tactile feedback to the human user during the execution of arbitrary tasks. The use of active actuators in haptic displays presents a certain amount of risk since they are capable of providing unacceptable levels of energy to the systems upon which they operate. An alternative to providing numerous safeguards is to remove the sources of risk altogether. This research investigates the feasibility of trajectory control using passive devices, that is, devices that cannot add energy to the system. Passive actuators are capable only of removing energy from ... continued below

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9 p.

Creation Information

Davis, J.T. & Book, W.J. March 1, 1997.

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  • Davis, J.T. Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)
  • Book, W.J. Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Mechanical Engineering

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Description

Haptic interfaces enhance cooperation between humans and robotic manipulators by providing force and tactile feedback to the human user during the execution of arbitrary tasks. The use of active actuators in haptic displays presents a certain amount of risk since they are capable of providing unacceptable levels of energy to the systems upon which they operate. An alternative to providing numerous safeguards is to remove the sources of risk altogether. This research investigates the feasibility of trajectory control using passive devices, that is, devices that cannot add energy to the system. Passive actuators are capable only of removing energy from the system or transferring energy within the system. It is proposed that the utility of passive devices is greatly enhanced by the use of redundant actuators. In a passive system, once motion is provided to the system, presumably by a human user, passive devices may be able to modify this motion to achieve a desired resultant trajectory. A mechanically passive, 2-Degree-of-Freedom (D.O.F.) manipulator has been designed and built. It is equipped with four passive actuators: two electromagnetic brakes and two electromagnetic clutches. This paper gives a review of the literature on passive and robotics and describes the experimental test bed used in this research. Several control algorithms are investigated, resulting in the formulation of a passive control law.

Physical Description

9 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE97002982

Source

  • 7. American Nuclear Society topical meeting on robotics and remote systems, Augusta, GA (United States), 27 Apr - 1 May 1997

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  • Other: DE97002982
  • Report No.: CONF-970464--11
  • Grant Number: AC05-96OR22464
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 459427
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc679237

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  • March 1, 1997

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:21 a.m.

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  • June 14, 2016, 9:08 p.m.

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Davis, J.T. & Book, W.J. An investigation of a passively controlled haptic interface, article, March 1, 1997; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc679237/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.