The Geologic and Hydrogeologic Setting of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

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Description

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is a mined repository constructed by the US Department of Energy for the permanent disposal of transuranic wastes generated since 1970 by activities related to national defense. The WIPP is located 42 km east of Carlsbad, New Mexico, in bedded salt (primarily halite) of the Late Permian (approximately 255 million years old) Salado Formation 655 m below the land surface. Characterization of the site began in the mid-1970s. Construction of the underground disposal facilities began in the early 1980s, and the facility received final certification from the US Environmental Protection Agency in May 1998. ... continued below

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29 p.

Creation Information

Swift, P.N. & Corbet, T.F. March 4, 1999.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this article can be viewed below.

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM, and Livermore, CA (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is a mined repository constructed by the US Department of Energy for the permanent disposal of transuranic wastes generated since 1970 by activities related to national defense. The WIPP is located 42 km east of Carlsbad, New Mexico, in bedded salt (primarily halite) of the Late Permian (approximately 255 million years old) Salado Formation 655 m below the land surface. Characterization of the site began in the mid-1970s. Construction of the underground disposal facilities began in the early 1980s, and the facility received final certification from the US Environmental Protection Agency in May 1998. Disposal operations are planned to begin following receipt of a final permit from the State of New Mexico and resolution of legal issues. Like other proposed geologic repositories for radioactive waste, the WIPP relies on a combination of engineered and natural barriers to isolate the waste from the biosphere. Engineered barriers at the WIPP, including the seals that will be emplaced in the access shafts when the facility is decommissioned, are discussed in the context of facility design elsewhere in this volume. Physical properties of the natural barriers that contribute to the isolation of radionuclides are discussed here in the context of the physiographic, geologic, and hydrogeologic setting of the site.

Physical Description

29 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE00004168

Medium: P; Size: 29 pages

Source

  • Journal Name: Reliability Enginering and System Safety; Other Information: Submitted to Reliability Engineering and System Safety

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  • Report No.: SAND98-2084J
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 4168
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc679133

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  • March 4, 1999

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • April 10, 2017, 7:07 p.m.

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Swift, P.N. & Corbet, T.F. The Geologic and Hydrogeologic Setting of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, article, March 4, 1999; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc679133/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.