Advanced surface cleaning methods: three years of experience with high pressure ultrapure water rinsing of superconducting cavaties

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In the last three years we have carried out a large number of tests ofn single cell and multi-cell niobium and Nb{sub 3}Sn cavities at L- band frequencies, which as a final surface cleaning step had been rinsed with high pressure jets of ultrapure water. This treatment resulted in an unprecedented quality and reproducibility of cavity performance. Field emission free surfaces up to peak surface electric fields of E{sup peak} {ge} 45 MV/m were achieved nearly routinely after buffered chemical polishing of niobium surfaces. In addition, residual surface resistances below R{sub res} {le} 10 n{Omega} and as low as R{sub ... continued below

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18 p.

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Kneisel, P. & Lewis, B. January 1, 1995.

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In the last three years we have carried out a large number of tests ofn single cell and multi-cell niobium and Nb{sub 3}Sn cavities at L- band frequencies, which as a final surface cleaning step had been rinsed with high pressure jets of ultrapure water. This treatment resulted in an unprecedented quality and reproducibility of cavity performance. Field emission free surfaces up to peak surface electric fields of E{sup peak} {ge} 45 MV/m were achieved nearly routinely after buffered chemical polishing of niobium surfaces. In addition, residual surface resistances below R{sub res} {le} 10 n{Omega} and as low as R{sub res} = 2 n{Omega} were not uncommon. In 5-cell production cavities of the Cornell/CEBAF shape gradients as high as E{sub acc} =21.5 MV/m corresponding to peak surface fields of E{sub peak} {approx} 55 MV/m have been measured after post purification with Ti without the need for rf-processing. Several Nb{sub 3}Sn - cavities exhibited no field emission loading after high pressure ultrapure water rinsing up to the maximum achievable surface fields of E{sup peak} {approx} 33 MV/m; the field limits were given by the available rf-power. The unprecedented reproducibility of the cavities permitted serial testing of various parameters affecting cavity performance such as the influence of residual gas inside the cavities prior to cooldown, the removal of the surface damage layer or the impact of peripheral parts such as rf-windows. The major portion of this paper summarizes several of the results obtained from investigations carried out during the last three years. The second part discusses possibilities for further improvements in cavity cleaning.

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18 p.

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OSTI as DE96013317

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  • 16. Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) particle accelerator conference, Dallas, TX (United States), 1-5 May 1995

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  • Other: DE96013317
  • Report No.: DOE/ER/40150--334
  • Report No.: CEBAF-PR-95-23;CONF-950512--395
  • Grant Number: AC05-84ER40150
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 371328
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc679098

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  • January 1, 1995

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Nov. 18, 2015, 11:54 a.m.

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Kneisel, P. & Lewis, B. Advanced surface cleaning methods: three years of experience with high pressure ultrapure water rinsing of superconducting cavaties, article, January 1, 1995; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc679098/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.