Singular eigenfunctions for shearing fluids I

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The authors construct singular eigenfunctions corresponding to the continuous spectrum of eigenvalues for shear flow in a channel. These modes are irregular as a result of a singularity in the eigenvalue problem at the critical layer of each mode. They consider flows with monotonic shear, so there is only a single critical layer for each mode. They then solve the initial-value problem to establish that these continuum modes, together with any discrete, growing/decaying pairs of modes, comprise a complete basis. They also view the problem within the framework of Hamiltonian theory. In that context, the singular solutions can be viewed ... continued below

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79 p.

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Balmforth, N.J. & Morrison, P.J. February 1, 1995.

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Description

The authors construct singular eigenfunctions corresponding to the continuous spectrum of eigenvalues for shear flow in a channel. These modes are irregular as a result of a singularity in the eigenvalue problem at the critical layer of each mode. They consider flows with monotonic shear, so there is only a single critical layer for each mode. They then solve the initial-value problem to establish that these continuum modes, together with any discrete, growing/decaying pairs of modes, comprise a complete basis. They also view the problem within the framework of Hamiltonian theory. In that context, the singular solutions can be viewed as the kernel of an integral, canonical transformation that allows us to write the fluid system, an infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian system, in action-angle form. This yields an expression for the energy in terms of the continuum modes and provides a means for attaching a characteristic signature (sign) to the energy associate with each eigenfunction. They follow on to consider shear-flow stability within the Hamiltonian framework. Next, the authors show the equivalence of integral superpositions of the singular eigenfunctions with the solution derived with Laplace transform techniques. In the long-time limit, such superpositions have decaying integral averages across the channel, revealing phase mixing or continuum damping. Under some conditions, this decay is exponential and is then the fluid analogue of Landau damping. Finally, the authors discuss the energetics of continuum damping.

Physical Description

79 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE95008952

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  • Other Information: PBD: Feb 1995

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  • Other: DE95008952
  • Report No.: DOE/ET/53088--692
  • Grant Number: FG05-80ET53088
  • DOI: 10.2172/41380 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 41380
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc678747

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  • February 1, 1995

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Aug. 10, 2016, 2:15 p.m.

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Balmforth, N.J. & Morrison, P.J. Singular eigenfunctions for shearing fluids I, report, February 1, 1995; Austin, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc678747/: accessed September 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.