PdMn and PdFe: New Materials for Temperature Measurement Near 2K

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Interest in the critical dynamics of superfluid He in microgravity conditions has motivated the development of new high resolution thermometry technology for use in space experiments near 2K. The current material commonly used as the temperature sensing element for high resolution thermometers (HRTs) is copper ammonium bromide (Cu(NH{sub 4}){sub 2}Br{sub 4}2H{sub 2}O) or CAB, which undergoes a ferromagnetic phase transition at 1.8K. HRTs made from CAB have demonstrated low drift (<10fK/s) and a temperature resolution of 0.1nK. Unfortunately, paramagnetic salts such as CAB are difficult to prepare and handle, corrosive to most metals, and become dehydrated if kept under vacuum ... continued below

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18 p.

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Aselage, T.L.; Duncan, R.V.; Klemme, B.J.; Sergatskov, D.A.; Adriaans, M.J. & Day, P.K. February 1, 1999.

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM, and Livermore, CA (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

Interest in the critical dynamics of superfluid He in microgravity conditions has motivated the development of new high resolution thermometry technology for use in space experiments near 2K. The current material commonly used as the temperature sensing element for high resolution thermometers (HRTs) is copper ammonium bromide (Cu(NH{sub 4}){sub 2}Br{sub 4}2H{sub 2}O) or CAB, which undergoes a ferromagnetic phase transition at 1.8K. HRTs made from CAB have demonstrated low drift (<10fK/s) and a temperature resolution of 0.1nK. Unfortunately, paramagnetic salts such as CAB are difficult to prepare and handle, corrosive to most metals, and become dehydrated if kept under vacuum conditions at room temperature. We have developed a magnetic thermometer using dilute magnetic alloys of Mn or Fe dissolved in a pure Pd matrix. These metallic thermometers are easy to fabricate, chemically inert, and mechanically robust. Unlike salts, they may be directly soldered to the stage to be measured. Also, the Curie temperature can be varied by changing the concentration of Fe or Mn, making them available for use in a wide temperature range. Susceptibility measurements, as well as preliminary noise and drift measurements, show them to have sub-nK resolution with a drift of less than 10{sup {minus}13} K/s.

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18 p.

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OSTI as DE00003931

Medium: P; Size: 18 pages

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  • Other Information: PBD: 1 Feb 1999

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  • Report No.: SAND99-0342
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • DOI: 10.2172/3931 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 3931
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc678515

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  • February 1, 1999

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • April 7, 2017, 4:09 p.m.

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Aselage, T.L.; Duncan, R.V.; Klemme, B.J.; Sergatskov, D.A.; Adriaans, M.J. & Day, P.K. PdMn and PdFe: New Materials for Temperature Measurement Near 2K, report, February 1, 1999; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc678515/: accessed June 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.