The benefits of an advanced fast reactor fuel cycle for plutonium management

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The United States has no program to investigate advanced nuclear fuel cycles for the large-scale consumption of plutonium from military and civilian sources. The official U.S. position has been to focus on means to bury spent nuclear fuel from civilian reactors and to achieve the spent fuel standard for excess separated plutonium, which is considered by policy makers to be an urgent international priority. Recently, the National Research Council published a long awaited report on its study of potential separation and transmutation technologies (STATS), which concluded that in the nuclear energy phase-out scenario that they evaluated, transmutation of plutonium and ... continued below

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21 p.

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Hannum, W.H.; McFarlane, H.F.; Wade, D.C. & Hill, R.N. December 31, 1996.

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Description

The United States has no program to investigate advanced nuclear fuel cycles for the large-scale consumption of plutonium from military and civilian sources. The official U.S. position has been to focus on means to bury spent nuclear fuel from civilian reactors and to achieve the spent fuel standard for excess separated plutonium, which is considered by policy makers to be an urgent international priority. Recently, the National Research Council published a long awaited report on its study of potential separation and transmutation technologies (STATS), which concluded that in the nuclear energy phase-out scenario that they evaluated, transmutation of plutonium and long-lived radioisotopes would not be worth the cost. However, at the American Nuclear Society Annual Meeting in June, 1996, the STATS panelists endorsed further study of partitioning to achieve superior waste forms for burial, and suggested that any further consideration of transmutation should be in the context of energy production, not of waste management. 2048 The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has an active program for the short-term disposition of excess fissile material and a `focus area` for safe, secure stabilization, storage and disposition of plutonium, but has no current programs for fast reactor development. Nevertheless, sufficient data exist to identify the potential advantages of an advanced fast reactor metallic fuel cycle for the long-term management of plutonium. Advantages are discussed.

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21 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE97001245

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  • NATO workshop on advanced nuclear systems, Moscow (Russian Federation), 12 Oct 1996

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  • Other: DE97001245
  • Report No.: ANL/ESH/CP--91629
  • Report No.: CONF-9610244--1
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 459313
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc677646

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • December 31, 1996

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:21 a.m.

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  • May 16, 2016, 12:34 p.m.

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Hannum, W.H.; McFarlane, H.F.; Wade, D.C. & Hill, R.N. The benefits of an advanced fast reactor fuel cycle for plutonium management, article, December 31, 1996; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc677646/: accessed April 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.