NIFTI and DISCOS: New concepts for a compact accelerator neutron source for boron neutron capture therapy applications

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Two new concepts, NIFTI and DISCOS, are described. These concepts enable the efficient production of epithermal neutrons for BNCT (Boron Neutron Capture Therapy) medical treatment, utilizing a low current, low energy proton beam impacting on a lithium target. The NIFTI concept uses fluoride compounds, such as lead or beryllium fluoride, to efficiently degrade high energy neutrons from the lithium target to the lower energies required for BNCT. The fluoride compounds are in turn encased in an iron layer that strongly impedes the transmission of neutrons with energies above 24 KeV. Lower energy neutrons readily pass through this iron filter, which ... continued below

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196 p.

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Powell, J.; Ludewig, H.; Todosow, M. & Reich, M. June 1, 1995.

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Description

Two new concepts, NIFTI and DISCOS, are described. These concepts enable the efficient production of epithermal neutrons for BNCT (Boron Neutron Capture Therapy) medical treatment, utilizing a low current, low energy proton beam impacting on a lithium target. The NIFTI concept uses fluoride compounds, such as lead or beryllium fluoride, to efficiently degrade high energy neutrons from the lithium target to the lower energies required for BNCT. The fluoride compounds are in turn encased in an iron layer that strongly impedes the transmission of neutrons with energies above 24 KeV. Lower energy neutrons readily pass through this iron filter, which has a deep window in its scattering cross section at 24 KeV. The DISCOS concept uses a rapidly rotating, high g disc to create a series of thin ({approximately} 1 micron thickness) liquid lithium targets in the form of continuous films or sheets of discrete droplets--through which the proton beam passes. The average energy lost by a proton as it passes through a single target is small, approximately 10 KeV. Between the targets, the proton beam is re-accelerated by an applied DC electric field. The DISCOS approach enables the accelerator--target facility to operate with a beam energy only slightly above the threshold value for neutron production--resulting in an output beam of low-energy epithermal neutrons--while achieving a high yield of neutrons per milliamp of proton beam current. Parametric trade studies of the NIFTI and DISCOS concepts are described. These include analyses of a broad range of NIFTI designs using the Monte carlo MCNP neutronics code, as well as mechanical and thermal-hydraulic analyses of various DISCOS designs.

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196 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE97002509

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  • Other Information: PBD: Jun 1995

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  • Other: DE97002509
  • Report No.: BNL--63605
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH00016
  • DOI: 10.2172/432936 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 432936
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc677585

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  • June 1, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Nov. 9, 2015, 8:13 p.m.

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Powell, J.; Ludewig, H.; Todosow, M. & Reich, M. NIFTI and DISCOS: New concepts for a compact accelerator neutron source for boron neutron capture therapy applications, report, June 1, 1995; Upton, New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc677585/: accessed December 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.