PG 0946+301: the Rosetta Stone of BALQSOs?

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We describe the motivation and features of a multiwavelength spectroscopic campaign on broad absorption line (BAL) QSO PG 0946+301. The main goal of this project is to determine the ionization equilibrium and abundances (IEA) in BAL outflows. Previous studies of IEA in BALQSOs were based on the assumption that the BALs are not saturated so that the column densities inferred from the apparent optical depths are realistic. This critical assumption is at odds with several recent observations and with analysis of existing data which indicate that the absorption troughs are heavily saturated even when they are not black. In addition, ... continued below

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Arav, N., LLNL June 1, 1998.

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We describe the motivation and features of a multiwavelength spectroscopic campaign on broad absorption line (BAL) QSO PG 0946+301. The main goal of this project is to determine the ionization equilibrium and abundances (IEA) in BAL outflows. Previous studies of IEA in BALQSOs were based on the assumption that the BALs are not saturated so that the column densities inferred from the apparent optical depths are realistic. This critical assumption is at odds with several recent observations and with analysis of existing data which indicate that the absorption troughs are heavily saturated even when they are not black. In addition, X-ray observations, which are important for constraining the ionizing continuum, were not available for those objects that had UV spectral data. Quantifying the level of saturation in the BALs necessitates UV spectroscopy with much higher S/N and broader-spectral coverage than currently exist. After taking into account the capabilities of available observatories, our best hope for a substantial improvement in understanding the IEA in BALQSOs is to concentrate considerable observational resources on the most promising object. Our studies of available HST and ground-based spectra show that PG 0946+301 is by far the best candidate for such a program. This BALQSO is at least five times brighter, shortward of 1000 {Angstrom}, rest frame, than any other object, and due to its low redshift it has an especially sparse Ly{alpha} forest. At the same time PG 0946+301 is a typical BALQSO and therefore its IEA should be representative. To this effect we are developing a multiwavelength spectroscopic campaign (UV, FUV, X-ray and optical) on BALQSO PG 0946+301. We discuss the goals and feasibility of each observational component: HST, FUSE, ASCA and ground-based.

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10 p.

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OSTI as DE98058605

Other: FDE: PDF; PL:

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  • Structure and kinematics of quasar broad line regions, Lincoln, NE (United States), 22-26 Mar 1998

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  • Other: DE98058605
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--131026
  • Report No.: CONF-9803110--
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 292444
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc677399

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  • June 1, 1998

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • April 6, 2017, 6:27 p.m.

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Arav, N., LLNL. PG 0946+301: the Rosetta Stone of BALQSOs?, article, June 1, 1998; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc677399/: accessed November 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.