Ionization efficiency and effusive delay time characterization of high temperature target-ion sources for RIB generation

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Ion sources for radioactive ion beam (RIB) generation must efficiently ionize short-lived-radioactive nuclei released from on-line targets with minimal delay times. Delay times attributable to interactions between chemically active species and surfaces of the vapor transport system which are long compared to the half-life of the desired radioactive atom and/or low ionization efficiency of the target/ion source (TIS) will result in a severe reduction of the RM intensity available for research. We have developed complementary off-line techniques for directly measuring both effusive delay times and ionization efficiencies for chemically active species in high temperature TISs using only the stable complements ... continued below

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5 p.

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Welton, R.F.; Alton, G.D.; Murray, S.N. & Cui, B. December 1, 1996.

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Ion sources for radioactive ion beam (RIB) generation must efficiently ionize short-lived-radioactive nuclei released from on-line targets with minimal delay times. Delay times attributable to interactions between chemically active species and surfaces of the vapor transport system which are long compared to the half-life of the desired radioactive atom and/or low ionization efficiency of the target/ion source (TIS) will result in a severe reduction of the RM intensity available for research. We have developed complementary off-line techniques for directly measuring both effusive delay times and ionization efficiencies for chemically active species in high temperature TISs using only the stable complements of the radioactive element of interest. Equipment, designed and developed for these measurements, include: a high-temperature Ta valve; a differentially cooled injection nozzle; and a gaseous flow measurement and control system. These techniques are employed in a systematic investigation of fluorine transport and ionization in an electron-beam-plasma target/ion source (EBPTIS) designed for initial use at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF).

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5 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE97000616

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  • 14. international conference on the application of accelerators in research and industry, Denton, TX (United States), 6-9 Nov 1996

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  • Other: DE97000616
  • Report No.: CONF-961110--9
  • Grant Number: AC05-96OR22464
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 402366
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc677388

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  • December 1, 1996

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Jan. 22, 2016, 11:44 a.m.

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Welton, R.F.; Alton, G.D.; Murray, S.N. & Cui, B. Ionization efficiency and effusive delay time characterization of high temperature target-ion sources for RIB generation, article, December 1, 1996; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc677388/: accessed November 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.