Modeling and testing of a thermal transient anemometer

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The Thermal Transient Anemometer (TTA) is a fluid mass flow measuring device which utilizes a thermocouple as a probe. The probe is periodically heated by an electric current pulse through the thermocouple junction, and the measured rate of cooling between pulses is related to the local mean flow velocity. The standard thermocouple sensor provides an inexpensive flow probe which is durable, rugged, and capable of satisfactory operation in hostile environments. The TTA was developed and patented in prototype form by Instrument Development for Applied Physics (IDAP), a small US company. IDAP has tested the TTA and shown that the measurement ... continued below

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Page, R.J. October 1, 1996.

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Description

The Thermal Transient Anemometer (TTA) is a fluid mass flow measuring device which utilizes a thermocouple as a probe. The probe is periodically heated by an electric current pulse through the thermocouple junction, and the measured rate of cooling between pulses is related to the local mean flow velocity. The standard thermocouple sensor provides an inexpensive flow probe which is durable, rugged, and capable of satisfactory operation in hostile environments. The TTA was developed and patented in prototype form by Instrument Development for Applied Physics (IDAP), a small US company. IDAP has tested the TTA and shown that the measurement principle is valid. However, there is a need to refine the prototype so that the TTA becomes a commercially viable instrument. The main concern is to reduce the heating current to the TTA so that battery-powered operation is possible. To do this, a probe needs to be developed such that only the region local to the thermocouple junction is heated, rather than the entire length of the wire. There area number of ways that this might be done, and IDAP has worked with ARi Industries, a thermocouple manufacturer, to develop probe designs that would have this characteristic, and at the same time would retain the ruggedness and ease of manufacture of a standard thermocouple. The purpose of this CRADA was to investigate these designs with a view to their possible commercial development. The starting point was to develop a computer model of the TTA as it currently exists, i.e., the prototype configuration, and to compare the results with experimental data. Good agreement between model and data was obtained, thus allowing new designs to be analyzed with some confidence.

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OSTI as DE97002789

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  • Other Information: PBD: Oct 1996

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  • Other: DE97002789
  • Report No.: ANL/RE--96/2
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • DOI: 10.2172/432950 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 432950
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc676644

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  • October 1, 1996

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • May 18, 2016, 2:44 p.m.

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Page, R.J. Modeling and testing of a thermal transient anemometer, report, October 1, 1996; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc676644/: accessed November 13, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.