Production of cements from Illinois coal ash. Final technical report, September 1, 1995--August 31, 1996

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Description

The objective of this program is to convert Illinois coal combustion residues, such as fly ash, bottom ash, and boiler slag, into novel cementitious materials for use in the construction industry. These residues are composed largely of SiO{sub 2}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, MgO, and CaO, which are also the major components of cement. Since the residues are used as an integral component of the cement and not just as additives to concrete, larger amounts of the residues can be utilized. The process uses submerged combustion to melt blends of coal combustion residues with lime, clay, and/or sand. ... continued below

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36 p.

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Wagner, J.C.; Bhatty, J.L. & Mishulovich, A. May 1, 1997.

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Description

The objective of this program is to convert Illinois coal combustion residues, such as fly ash, bottom ash, and boiler slag, into novel cementitious materials for use in the construction industry. These residues are composed largely of SiO{sub 2}, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, MgO, and CaO, which are also the major components of cement. Since the residues are used as an integral component of the cement and not just as additives to concrete, larger amounts of the residues can be utilized. The process uses submerged combustion to melt blends of coal combustion residues with lime, clay, and/or sand. The submerged combustion melter utilizes natural gas-oxidant firing directly into a molten bath to provide efficient melting of mineral-like materials. Use of this melter for cement production has many advantages over rotary kilns including very little, if any, grinding of the feed material, very low emissions, and compact size. During the first year of the program, samples of coal combustion residues were blended and mixed, as needed; with lime, clay, and/or sand to adjust the composition. Six mixtures, three with fly ash and three with bottom ash, were melted in a laboratory-scale furnace. The resultant products were used in mortar cubes and bars which were subjected to ASTM standard tests of cementitious properties. In the hydraulic activity test, mortar cubes were found to have a strength comparable to standard mortar cements. In the compressive strength test, mortar cubes were found to have strengths that exceeded ASTM blended cement performance specifications. In the ASR expansion test, mortar bars were subjected to alkali-silica reaction-induced expansion, which is a problem for siliceous aggregate-based concretes that are exposed to moisture. The mortar bars made with the products inhibited 85 to 97% of this expansion. These results show that residue-based products have an excellent potential as ASR-preventing additions in concretes.

Physical Description

36 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE97051579

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  • Other Information: PBD: [1997]

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  • Other: DE97051579
  • Report No.: DOE/PC/92521--T288
  • Grant Number: FC22-92PC92521
  • DOI: 10.2172/475626 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 475626
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc676297

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  • May 1, 1997

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:21 a.m.

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  • Nov. 10, 2015, 9:20 p.m.

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Wagner, J.C.; Bhatty, J.L. & Mishulovich, A. Production of cements from Illinois coal ash. Final technical report, September 1, 1995--August 31, 1996, report, May 1, 1997; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc676297/: accessed December 11, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.