Options for monitoring the US Russian bilateral cutoff agreement on shutdown of plutonium production reactors

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Description

Six options are presented for monitoring operating Russian reactors and reprocessing plants under the bilateral cutoff agreement. In order of increasing intrusiveness they are: (A) monitoring of product (oxide or metal) storage only, supplemented with transparency measures at the reactors, (B) monitoring of product storage and reactor operating parameters, to assess reactor plutonium production, (C) monitoring of product storage, reactor operating parameters, and the input accountability tank of the reprocessing plant, (D) monitoring of product storage, the input accountability tank of the reprocessing plant, and application of surveillance to spent fuel, (E) IAEA/NPT-based material accountancy verification without major facility upgrades, ... continued below

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23 p.

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Sanborn, J.; Fishbone, L. G.; Lu, Minh-Shih; Stanbro, W. & Libby, R. July 1994.

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Description

Six options are presented for monitoring operating Russian reactors and reprocessing plants under the bilateral cutoff agreement. In order of increasing intrusiveness they are: (A) monitoring of product (oxide or metal) storage only, supplemented with transparency measures at the reactors, (B) monitoring of product storage and reactor operating parameters, to assess reactor plutonium production, (C) monitoring of product storage, reactor operating parameters, and the input accountability tank of the reprocessing plant, (D) monitoring of product storage, the input accountability tank of the reprocessing plant, and application of surveillance to spent fuel, (E) IAEA/NPT-based material accountancy verification without major facility upgrades, and (F) IAEA/NPT-based safeguards, attempting to fulfill IAEA standards for material accountancy accuracy. Each of these options is considered in terms of cost, inspection effort, and effectiveness; however, the paper emphasizes the many uncertainties attendant on such assessments based on our current state of knowledge of these facilities.

Physical Description

23 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE95005701

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  • Other Information: PBD: Jul 1994

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  • Other: DE95005701
  • Report No.: BNL--61066
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH00016
  • DOI: 10.2172/29440 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 29440
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc676284

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • July 1994

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Nov. 9, 2015, 8:18 p.m.

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Sanborn, J.; Fishbone, L. G.; Lu, Minh-Shih; Stanbro, W. & Libby, R. Options for monitoring the US Russian bilateral cutoff agreement on shutdown of plutonium production reactors, report, July 1994; Upton, New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc676284/: accessed October 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.