Glass formulation requirements for DWPF coupled operations using crystalline silicotitanates

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The design basis DWPF flowsheet couples the vitrification of two waste streams: (1) a washed sludge and (2) a hydrolyzed sodium tetraphenylborate precipitate product, PHA. The PHA contains cesium-137 which had been precipitated from the tank supernate with sodium tetraphenylborate. Smaller amounts of strontium and plutonium adsorbed on sodium titanate are also present with the PHA feed. Currently, DWPF is running a sludge-only flowsheet while working towards solutions to the problems encountered with In Tank Precipitation (ITP). The sludge loading for the sludge-only flowsheet and for the anticipated coupled operations is 28 wt% on an oxide basis. For the coupled ... continued below

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9 p.

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Harbour, J.R. & Andrews, M.K. January 9, 1997.

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Description

The design basis DWPF flowsheet couples the vitrification of two waste streams: (1) a washed sludge and (2) a hydrolyzed sodium tetraphenylborate precipitate product, PHA. The PHA contains cesium-137 which had been precipitated from the tank supernate with sodium tetraphenylborate. Smaller amounts of strontium and plutonium adsorbed on sodium titanate are also present with the PHA feed. Currently, DWPF is running a sludge-only flowsheet while working towards solutions to the problems encountered with In Tank Precipitation (ITP). The sludge loading for the sludge-only flowsheet and for the anticipated coupled operations is 28 wt% on an oxide basis. For the coupled operation, it is essential to balance the treatment of the two waste streams such that no supernate remains after immobilization of all the sludge. An alternative to ITP and sodium titanate is the removal of Cs-137, Sr-90, and plutonium from the tank supernate by ion exchange using crystalline silicotitanate (CST). This material has been shown to effectively sorb these elements from the supernate. It is also known that CST sorbs plutonium. The loaded CST could then be immobilized with the sludge during vitrification. It has recently been demonstrated that CST loadings approaching 70 wt% for a CST-only glass can be achieved using a borosilicate glass formulation which can be processed by the DWPF melter. Initial efforts on coupled waste streams with simulated DWPF sludge show promise that a borosilicate glass formulation can incorporate both sludge and CST. This paper presents the bases for research efforts to develop a glass formulation which will incorporate sludge and CST at loadings appropriate for DWPF operation.

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9 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE97060105

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  • Other Information: PBD: 9 Jan 1997

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  • Other: DE97060105
  • Report No.: WSRC-TR--97-0004
  • Grant Number: AC09-96SR18500
  • DOI: 10.2172/491474 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 491474
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc676131

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  • January 9, 1997

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:21 a.m.

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  • Feb. 10, 2016, 1:46 p.m.

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Harbour, J.R. & Andrews, M.K. Glass formulation requirements for DWPF coupled operations using crystalline silicotitanates, report, January 9, 1997; Aiken, South Carolina. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc676131/: accessed April 27, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.