Direct Grout Stabilization of High Cesium Salt Waste: Salt Alternative Phase III Feasibility Study

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The direct grout alternative is a viable option for treatment/stabilization and disposal of salt waste containing Cs-137 concentrations of 1-3 Ci/gal. The composition of the direct grout salt solution is higher in sodium salts and contains up to a few hundred ppm Cs-137 more than the current reference salt solution. However it is still similar to the composition of the current reference salt solution. Consequently, the processing, setting, and leaching properties (including TCLP for Cr and Hg) of the direct grout and current saltstone waste forms are very similar. The significant difference between these waste solutions is that the high ... continued below

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Langton, C.A. December 7, 1998.

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Description

The direct grout alternative is a viable option for treatment/stabilization and disposal of salt waste containing Cs-137 concentrations of 1-3 Ci/gal. The composition of the direct grout salt solution is higher in sodium salts and contains up to a few hundred ppm Cs-137 more than the current reference salt solution. However it is still similar to the composition of the current reference salt solution. Consequently, the processing, setting, and leaching properties (including TCLP for Cr and Hg) of the direct grout and current saltstone waste forms are very similar. The significant difference between these waste solutions is that the high cesium salt solution will contain between 1 and 3 Curies of Cs-137 per gallon compared to a negligible amount in the current salt solution. This difference will require special engineering and shielding for a direct grout processing facility and disposal units to achieve acceptable radiation exposure conditions. The Cs-137 concentration in the direct grout salt solution will also affect the long-term curing temperature of the waste form since 4.84 Watts of energy are generated per 1000 Ci of Cs-137. The temperature rise of the direct grout during long-term curing has been calculated by A. Shaddy, SRTC.1 The effect of curing temperature on the strength, leaching and physical durability of the direct grout saltstone is described in this report. At the present time, long term curing at 90 degrees C appears to be unacceptable because of cracking which will affect the structural integrity as evaluated in the immersion test. (The experiments conducted in this feasibility study do not address the effect of cracking on leaching of contaminants other than Cr, Hg, and Cs.) No cracking of the direct grout or reference saltstone waste forms was observed for samples cured at 70 degrees C. At the present time the implications of waste form cracking at elevated curing temperatures has not been fully addressed. The direct grout falls within the definition of NRC Class C waste. NRC requires that Class C waste forms or their containers demonstrate structural integrity to qualify for disposal. Direct grout cured at 90 degrees C will not meet the integrity requirement. However, the disposal vault may meet this requirement.

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  • Other: DE00004871
  • Report No.: WSRC-TR-98-00337
  • Grant Number: AC09-96SR18500
  • DOI: 10.2172/4871 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 4871
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc675968

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  • December 7, 1998

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:21 a.m.

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  • Aug. 2, 2016, 1:11 p.m.

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Langton, C.A. Direct Grout Stabilization of High Cesium Salt Waste: Salt Alternative Phase III Feasibility Study, report, December 7, 1998; South Carolina. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc675968/: accessed October 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.