Transformation of Pb(II) from Cerrusite to Chloropyromorphite in the Presence of Hydroxyapatite under Varying Conditions of pH

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Cerrusite (PbC03) is soluble under acidic conditions and considered to be a highly bioavailable soil Pb species. In this study, synthetic cerrusite and hydroxyapatite [Ca5(P04)30H] were reacted under constant and dynamic pH conditions with various P/Pb molar ratios in an attempt to evaluate the effect of reaction kinetics on the formation of chloropyromorphite (Pb5(P04)3Cl) and solubilization of Pb. Under constant pH conditions, dissolution rates of both cerrusite and apatite were rapid when pH was low. Complete conversion of Pb from cerrusite to chloropyromorphite occurred within 60 tin at pH 4 and below when the amount of phosphate in the added ... continued below

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25 pages

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Ryan, J.A. & Zhang, P. October 14, 1998.

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Cerrusite (PbC03) is soluble under acidic conditions and considered to be a highly bioavailable soil Pb species. In this study, synthetic cerrusite and hydroxyapatite [Ca5(P04)30H] were reacted under constant and dynamic pH conditions with various P/Pb molar ratios in an attempt to evaluate the effect of reaction kinetics on the formation of chloropyromorphite (Pb5(P04)3Cl) and solubilization of Pb. Under constant pH conditions, dissolution rates of both cerrusite and apatite were rapid when pH was low. Complete conversion of Pb from cerrusite to chloropyromorphite occurred within 60 tin at pH 4 and below when the amount of phosphate in the added apatite was stoichoimetrically equal to that needed to transform all added Pb into chloropyromorphite. The concentration of soluble Pb depended upon the volubility of chloropyromorphite. The dissolution rates of apatite and cerrusite decreased with increasing pH, and the transformation was incomplete at pH 5 and above in the 60 rnin reaction period. The soluble Pb level, therefore, was determined by the volubility of cerrusite. In the dynamic pH system which simulated the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract) system, a complete transformation of Pb from cerrusite to chloropyromorphite was achieved due to the complete dissolution of apatite and cerrusite at the initial low pHs. Chloropyromorphite was the exclusive reaction product in both constant and dynamic pH systems as indicated by XRD analysis. The differences in transformation rate and the control of Pb volubility between the reactions occurring in constant and dynamic pH systems indicate the significance of kinetics in controlling the bioavailability of Pb and the potential for the reaction to occur during ingestion.

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25 pages

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  • Journal Name: Environmental Science and Technology

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  • Other: DE00002984
  • Report No.: SAND98-2303J
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 2984
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc675844

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • October 14, 1998

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Dec. 2, 2016, 3:58 p.m.

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Ryan, J.A. & Zhang, P. Transformation of Pb(II) from Cerrusite to Chloropyromorphite in the Presence of Hydroxyapatite under Varying Conditions of pH, article, October 14, 1998; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc675844/: accessed December 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.