Group decision support using Toulmin argument structures

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Description

This paper addresses the need for sound science, technology, and management assessment relative to environmental policy decision making through an approach that involves a logical structure for evidence, a framed decision-making process, and an environment that encourages group participation. Toulmin-based logic possesses these characteristics and is used as the basis for development of a group decision support system. This system can support several user groups, such as pesticide policy-making experts, who can use the support system to state arguments for or against an important policy issue, and pest management experts, who can use the system to assist in identifying and ... continued below

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8 p.

Creation Information

Janssen, T. & Sage, A.P. December 31, 1996.

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  • Janssen, T. George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (United States). School of Information Technology and Engineering
  • Sage, A.P. George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (United States). School of Information Technology and Engineering

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Description

This paper addresses the need for sound science, technology, and management assessment relative to environmental policy decision making through an approach that involves a logical structure for evidence, a framed decision-making process, and an environment that encourages group participation. Toulmin-based logic possesses these characteristics and is used as the basis for development of a group decision support system. This system can support several user groups, such as pesticide policy-making experts, who can use the support system to state arguments for or against an important policy issue, and pest management experts, who can use the system to assist in identifying and evaluating alternatives for controlling pests on agricultural commodities. The resulting decision support system assists in improving the clarity of the lines of reasoning used in specific situations; the warrants, grounds, and backings that are used to support claims and specific lines of reasoning; and the contradictions, rebuttals, and arguments surrounding each step in the reasoning process associated with evaluating a claim or counterclaim. Experts and decisions makers with differing views can better understand each other`s thought processes. The net effect is enhanced communications and understanding of the whole picture and, in many cases, consensus on decisions to be taken.

Physical Description

8 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE97000394

Source

  • Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) conference on systems, man and cybernetics, Beijing (China), 14-18 Oct 1996

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  • Other: DE97000394
  • Report No.: ANL/DIS/CP--91368
  • Report No.: CONF-9610218--1
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 418469
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc675503

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • December 31, 1996

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Dec. 16, 2015, 6:47 p.m.

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Janssen, T. & Sage, A.P. Group decision support using Toulmin argument structures, article, December 31, 1996; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc675503/: accessed December 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.