National Ignition Facility: Impacts of chemical accidents and comparison of chemical and radiological accident approaches

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An environmental assessment was conducted to estimate potential impacts or consequences associated with constructing and operating the proposed National Ignition Facility (NIF). The multidisciplinary assessment covered topics ranging from radiological and chemical health and safety to socioeconomic and land-use issues. The impacts of five chemical accidents that could occur at NIF are compared, and the extent of their consequences for workers and off-site populations are discussed. Each of the five accident scenarios was modeled by a chemical release and dispersion model with a toxicological criterion for evaluating potential irreversible human health effects. Results show that most of the chemical release ... continued below

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9 p.

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Lazaro, M. A.; Policastro, A. J. & Rhodes, M. F. 1996-11~.

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Description

An environmental assessment was conducted to estimate potential impacts or consequences associated with constructing and operating the proposed National Ignition Facility (NIF). The multidisciplinary assessment covered topics ranging from radiological and chemical health and safety to socioeconomic and land-use issues. The impacts of five chemical accidents that could occur at NIF are compared, and the extent of their consequences for workers and off-site populations are discussed. Each of the five accident scenarios was modeled by a chemical release and dispersion model with a toxicological criterion for evaluating potential irreversible human health effects. Results show that most of the chemical release scenarios considered will not impair the general public in taking protective actions in the event of an accidental release. The two exceptions are the mercury release (equipment failure) scenarios for the conceptual design and the enhanced design. In general, the predicted maximum threat zones are significantly less than the distance to the point of nearest public access.

Physical Description

9 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE97000998

Source

  • Annual meeting of the American Nuclear Society (ANS), Reno, NV (United States), 16-20 Jun 1996

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  • Other: DE97000998
  • Report No.: ANL/EA/CP--91114
  • Report No.: CONF-9606116--88
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 435181
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc674538

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  • 1996-11~

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • Dec. 7, 2015, 4:49 p.m.

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Lazaro, M. A.; Policastro, A. J. & Rhodes, M. F. National Ignition Facility: Impacts of chemical accidents and comparison of chemical and radiological accident approaches, article, 1996-11~; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc674538/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.