Nd3+ and Yb3+ doped phosphate glass waveguides fabricated using electric field assisted Ag+ diffusion

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Solid-state waveguide lasers offer several attractive features that may make high efficiency and effective thermal management possible. Due to the ability to confine pump light to high intensity over distances much longer than the Rayleigh range, as well as maintaining good overlap between the pump and Iasing modes over the entire guiding region, effcient operation with high slope efficiency should be possible, even for quasi-three level laser systems. Since the waveguide region is typically only a few microns of thickness, heat can be extracted efficiently from the structure. The effects of heating are of less significance than in bulk solid-state ... continued below

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9 p.

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Patel, F.D.; Honea, E.C.; Krol, D.; Payne, S.A. & Hayden, J.S. December 17, 1997.

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Solid-state waveguide lasers offer several attractive features that may make high efficiency and effective thermal management possible. Due to the ability to confine pump light to high intensity over distances much longer than the Rayleigh range, as well as maintaining good overlap between the pump and Iasing modes over the entire guiding region, effcient operation with high slope efficiency should be possible, even for quasi-three level laser systems. Since the waveguide region is typically only a few microns of thickness, heat can be extracted efficiently from the structure. The effects of heating are of less significance than in bulk solid-state lasers because mode confinement is maintained by an index of refraction difference, usually much larger than tnat induced by dn/dT or stress-optic effects. Rare earth doped waveguide laser action has been reported in numerous papers [14]. The processes for fabricating waveguides include film deposition methods such as epitaxial growth, RF sputtering, and most recently, thermal bonding of precision finished crystals [5]. In addition, ion implantation, ion exchange in a molten salt and electric field assisted solid film diffusion [6] have been utilized. The ion exchange method remains the simplest, particularly for many common laser glasses that already have mobile ions, and has received considerable attention in recent years. An excellent review is found in reference [7]. Our work has focused on developing process conditions for the fabrication of waveguides in phosphate laser glasses using solid silver film diffusion. These processes are important in determining the overall structure and properties of the guiding region, such as propagation loss, modal profile, and modal overlap between the pump and laser wavelengths. Phosphate laser glass was chosen as the solid state laser medium due to the useful spectroscopic properties of rare earth ions in these materials, as well as the range of material properties and compositions possible.

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9 p.

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OSTI as DE98052068

Other: FDE: PDF; PL:

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  • 13. topical meeting on advanced solid-state lasers and radiative processes and dephasing in semiconductors topical meeting, Coeur d`Alene, ID (United States), 2-4 Feb 1998

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  • Other: DE98052068
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--128817
  • Report No.: CONF-980204--
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 304717
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc674518

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  • December 17, 1997

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  • July 25, 2015, 2:20 a.m.

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  • April 6, 2017, 6:20 p.m.

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Patel, F.D.; Honea, E.C.; Krol, D.; Payne, S.A. & Hayden, J.S. Nd3+ and Yb3+ doped phosphate glass waveguides fabricated using electric field assisted Ag+ diffusion, article, December 17, 1997; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc674518/: accessed December 11, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.