Tentative method for the determination of plutonium-239 and plutonium-238 in water (by a coprecipitation anion exchange technique)

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A procedure for the determination of plutonium 238 and plutonium 239 in water is described. The procedure consists of a coprecipitation, an anion exchange separation and electrodeposition, followed by alpha pulse height analysis. More specifically, the sample is acidified with nitric acid and plutonium-242 is added as a tracer before any chemical separations are performed. Iron is added to the water as iron (III) and the plutonium is coprecipitated with the iron as ferric hydroxide by adding ammonium hydroxide. After decantation and centrifugation, the ferric hydroxide precipitate containing the coprecipitated plutonium is dissolved and the solution is adjusted to 8M ... continued below

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20 p.

Creation Information

Bishop, C. T.; Brown, R.; Glosby, A. A.; Phillips, C. A. & Robinson, B. September 17, 1976.

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  • Mound Laboratory
    Publisher Info: Monsanto Research Corp., Miamisburg, OH (United States). Mound
    Place of Publication: Miamisburg, Ohio

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Description

A procedure for the determination of plutonium 238 and plutonium 239 in water is described. The procedure consists of a coprecipitation, an anion exchange separation and electrodeposition, followed by alpha pulse height analysis. More specifically, the sample is acidified with nitric acid and plutonium-242 is added as a tracer before any chemical separations are performed. Iron is added to the water as iron (III) and the plutonium is coprecipitated with the iron as ferric hydroxide by adding ammonium hydroxide. After decantation and centrifugation, the ferric hydroxide precipitate containing the coprecipitated plutonium is dissolved and the solution is adjusted to 8M in HNO{sub 3} for anion exchange separation. When the sample fails to dissolve because of the presence of insoluble residue, the residue is treated by a rigorous acid dissolution using concentrated nitric acid and hydrofluoric acids. The sample is poured over an anion exchange column. The iron and most other elements that might be present pass through the column. Thorium is removed from the column with 12 M hydrochloric acid and then the plutonium is eluted by reducing it to plutonium (III) with the iodide ion. The plutonium is electrodeposited onto a stainless steel slide for counting by alpha pulse height analysis using a silicon surface barrier detector. From the recovery of the plutonium-242 tracer, the absolute amounts of plutonium-238 and plutonium-239 can be calculated, and from the volume of sample analyzed the concentrations of these two isotopes in the water sample can be calculated.

Physical Description

20 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96011760

Source

  • Other Information: PBD: 17 Sep 1976

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  • Other: DE96011760
  • Report No.: MLM-MU--76-69-0002
  • Grant Number: AC04-76DP00053
  • DOI: 10.2172/251639 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 251639
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc672880

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Creation Date

  • September 17, 1976

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Feb. 20, 2017, 12:48 p.m.

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Bishop, C. T.; Brown, R.; Glosby, A. A.; Phillips, C. A. & Robinson, B. Tentative method for the determination of plutonium-239 and plutonium-238 in water (by a coprecipitation anion exchange technique), report, September 17, 1976; Miamisburg, Ohio. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc672880/: accessed July 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.