Instrumentation advances in emissions characterization from propellant/explosive combustion

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Results from a chamber study to characterize emissions from combustion of selected pure energetic materials are presented in this paper. The study was carried out as a part of a comprehensive air pathways risk assessment for a propellant and explosive manufacturing facility that engages in open burning methods for manufacturing waste disposal. Materials selected for emissions characterization in this study included both aluminized and non-aluminized composite propellant, a double base propellant and a plastic bonded explosive. Combustion tests in a specialized chamber revealed very low emissions for gaseous products of incomplete combustion such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides. Analysis ... continued below

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11 p.

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Einfeld, W.; Morrison, D.J. & Mullins, S.E. December 31, 1995.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this article can be viewed below.

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

Results from a chamber study to characterize emissions from combustion of selected pure energetic materials are presented in this paper. The study was carried out as a part of a comprehensive air pathways risk assessment for a propellant and explosive manufacturing facility that engages in open burning methods for manufacturing waste disposal. Materials selected for emissions characterization in this study included both aluminized and non-aluminized composite propellant, a double base propellant and a plastic bonded explosive. Combustion tests in a specialized chamber revealed very low emissions for gaseous products of incomplete combustion such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides. Analysis of gaseous and aerosol emission products for a pre-selected target analyte list that included both volatile and semi-volatile organics revealed either low or non-detectable emissions for the four energetic types tested. Hydrogen chloride was detected as a major emission product from propellants containing ammonium perchlorate. Results from this work reveal that about one-half of the chlorine in the original material is released as hydrogen chloride. Based on earlier work, the balance of the chlorine emissions is expected to be in the form of chlorine gas.

Physical Description

11 p.

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OSTI as DE96008231

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  • Joint Army-Navy-NASA-Air Force safety and environmental protection subcommittee meeting, Tampa, FL (United States), 5-8 Dec 1995

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  • Other: DE96008231
  • Report No.: SAND--96-0772C
  • Report No.: CONF-951262--5
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 231292
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc672744

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  • December 31, 1995

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • April 21, 2016, 9:51 p.m.

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Einfeld, W.; Morrison, D.J. & Mullins, S.E. Instrumentation advances in emissions characterization from propellant/explosive combustion, article, December 31, 1995; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc672744/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.