Energy and environmental impacts of electric vehicle battery production and recycling

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Description

Electric vehicle batteries use energy and generate environmental residuals when they are produced and recycled. This study estimates, for 4 selected battery types (advanced lead-acid, sodium-sulfur, nickel-cadmium, and nickel-metal hydride), the impacts of production and recycling of the materials used in electric vehicle batteries. These impacts are compared, with special attention to the locations of the emissions. It is found that the choice among batteries for electric vehicles involves tradeoffs among impacts. For example, although the nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal hydride batteries are similar, energy requirements for production of the cadmium electrodes may be higher than those for the metal hydride ... continued below

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13 p.

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Gaines, L. & Singh, M. December 31, 1995.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 117 times , with 10 in the last month . More information about this article can be viewed below.

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Description

Electric vehicle batteries use energy and generate environmental residuals when they are produced and recycled. This study estimates, for 4 selected battery types (advanced lead-acid, sodium-sulfur, nickel-cadmium, and nickel-metal hydride), the impacts of production and recycling of the materials used in electric vehicle batteries. These impacts are compared, with special attention to the locations of the emissions. It is found that the choice among batteries for electric vehicles involves tradeoffs among impacts. For example, although the nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal hydride batteries are similar, energy requirements for production of the cadmium electrodes may be higher than those for the metal hydride electrodes, but the latter may be more difficult to recycle.

Physical Description

13 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE96005262

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  • Total life cycle conference and exposition, Vienna (Austria), 16-19 Oct 1995

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  • Other: DE96005262
  • Report No.: ANL/ES/CP--87281
  • Report No.: CONF-9510282--2
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 201715
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc672416

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Creation Date

  • December 31, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Dec. 17, 2015, 12:58 p.m.

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Gaines, L. & Singh, M. Energy and environmental impacts of electric vehicle battery production and recycling, article, December 31, 1995; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc672416/: accessed September 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.