Model institutional infrastructures for recycling of photovoltaic modules Metadata

Metadata describes a digital item, providing (if known) such information as creator, publisher, contents, size, relationship to other resources, and more. Metadata may also contain "preservation" components that help us to maintain the integrity of digital files over time.


  • Main Title Model institutional infrastructures for recycling of photovoltaic modules


  • Author: Moscowitz, P.D.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Reaven, J.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Fthenakis, V.M.
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Sponsor: United States. Department of Energy.
    Contributor Type: Organization
    Contributor Info: USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)


  • Name: Brookhaven National Laboratory
    Place of Publication: Upton, New York
    Additional Info: Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)


  • Creation: 1996-07-01


  • English


  • Content Description: This paper describes model approaches to designing an institutional infrastructure for the recycling of decommissioned photovoltaic modules; more detailed discussion of the information presented in this paper is contained in Reaven et al., (1996)[1]. The alternative approaches are based on experiences in other industries, with other products and materials. In the aluminum, scrap iron, and container glass industries, where recycling is a long-standing, even venerable practice, predominantly private, fully articulated institutional infrastructures exist. Nevertheless, even in these industries, arrangements are constantly evolving in response to regulatory changes, competition, and new technological developments. Institutional infrastructures are less settled for younger large- scale recycling industries that target components of the municipal solid waste (MSW) stream, such as cardboard and newspaper, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) plastics, and textiles. In these industries the economics, markets, and technologies are rapidly changing. Finally, many other industries are developing projects to ensure that their products are recycled (and recyclable) e.g., computers, non-automotive batteries, communications equipment, motor and lubrication oil and oil filters, fluorescent lighting fixtures, automotive plastics and shredder residues, and bulk industrial chemical wastes. The lack of an an adequate recycling infrastructure, attractive end-markets, and clear the economic incentives, can be formidable impediments to a self- sustaining recycling system.
  • Physical Description: 4 p.


  • STI Subject Categories: 14 Solar Energy
  • Keyword: Program Management
  • Keyword: Organizational Models
  • Keyword: Solar Cells
  • Keyword: Marketing
  • Keyword: Recycling
  • STI Subject Categories: 32 Energy Conservation, Consumption, And Utilization
  • Keyword: Planning
  • Keyword: Nickel-Cadmium Batteries


  • Conference: 25. photovoltaic solar energy conference, Washington, DC (United States), 13-17 May 1996


  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI


  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Article


  • Text


  • Other: DE96012555
  • Report No.: BNL--63172
  • Report No.: CONF-960513--16
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH00016
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 274169
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc672248


  • Display Note: OSTI as DE96012555