Influence of coolant pH on corrosion of 6061 aluminum under reactor heat transfer conditions

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Description

To support the design of the Advanced Neutron Source (ANS), an experimental program was conducted wherein aluminum alloy specimens were exposed at high heat fluxes to high-velocity aqueous coolants in a corrosion test loop. The aluminum alloys selected for exposure were candidate fuel cladding materials, and the loop system was constructed to emulate the primary coolant system for the proposed ANS reactor. One major result of this program has been the generation of an experimental database defining oxide film growth on 6061 aluminum alloy cladding. Additionally, a data correlation was developed from the database to permit the prediction of film ... continued below

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54 p.

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Pawel, S.J.; Felde, D.K. & Pawel, R.E. October 1, 1995.

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Description

To support the design of the Advanced Neutron Source (ANS), an experimental program was conducted wherein aluminum alloy specimens were exposed at high heat fluxes to high-velocity aqueous coolants in a corrosion test loop. The aluminum alloys selected for exposure were candidate fuel cladding materials, and the loop system was constructed to emulate the primary coolant system for the proposed ANS reactor. One major result of this program has been the generation of an experimental database defining oxide film growth on 6061 aluminum alloy cladding. Additionally, a data correlation was developed from the database to permit the prediction of film growth for any reasonable thermal-hydraulic excursion. This capability was utilized effectively during the conceptual design stages of the reactor. During the course of this research, it became clear that the kinetics of film growth on the aluminum alloy specimens were sensitively dependent on the chemistry of the aqueous coolant and that relatively small deviations from the intended pH 5 operational level resulted in unexpectedly large changes in the corrosion behavior. Examination of the kinetic influences and the details of the film morphology suggested that a mechanism involving mass transport from other parts of the test loop was involved. Such a mechanism would also be expected to be active in the operating reactor. This report emphasizes the results of experiments that best illustrate the influence of the nonthermal-hydraulic parameters on film growth and presents data to show that comparatively small variations in pH near 5.0 invoke a sensitive response. Simply, for operation in the temperature and heat flux range appropriate for the ANS studies, coolant pH levels from 4.5 to 4.9 produced significantly less film growth than those from pH 5.1 to 6. A mechanism for this behavior based on the concept of treating the entire loop as an active corrosion system is presented.

Physical Description

54 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE96006223

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  • Other Information: PBD: Oct 1995

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  • Other: DE96006223
  • Report No.: ORNL/TM--13083
  • Grant Number: AC05-84OR21400
  • DOI: 10.2172/205846 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 205846
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc671895

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  • October 1, 1995

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Jan. 22, 2016, 11:40 a.m.

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Pawel, S.J.; Felde, D.K. & Pawel, R.E. Influence of coolant pH on corrosion of 6061 aluminum under reactor heat transfer conditions, report, October 1, 1995; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc671895/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.