Upper ocean model of dissolved atmospheric gases. Final report for the period 1 August 1991--31 May 1995

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This report summarizes results from three years of funding for a modelling study of processes controlling the distribution of metabolic chemical tracers in surface waters. We determined concentrations of the gases O{sub 2}, Ar, N{sub 2}, and the stable isotope ratio ({sup 18}O/{sup 16}O) of molecular oxygen in surface waters at Station ALOHA in conjunction with the Global Ocean Flux Study (GOFS) Hawaiian Ocean Time-series project during the years 1989- 90 and 1992-93. Under this contract we have incorporated chemical tracers into an existing ocean mixed-layer model to simulate the physical processes controlling the distribution and seasonal cycle of dissolved ... continued below

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9 p.

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Schudlich, R. & Emerson, S. May 1, 1996.

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Description

This report summarizes results from three years of funding for a modelling study of processes controlling the distribution of metabolic chemical tracers in surface waters. We determined concentrations of the gases O{sub 2}, Ar, N{sub 2}, and the stable isotope ratio ({sup 18}O/{sup 16}O) of molecular oxygen in surface waters at Station ALOHA in conjunction with the Global Ocean Flux Study (GOFS) Hawaiian Ocean Time-series project during the years 1989- 90 and 1992-93. Under this contract we have incorporated chemical tracers into an existing ocean mixed-layer model to simulate the physical processes controlling the distribution and seasonal cycle of dissolved gases in the upper ocean. The broad background of concurrent chemical, physical, and biological measurements at Station ALOHA provides enough redundancy of ``ground truth`` to assess the model`s accuracy. Biological oxygen production estimated from modelled chemical tracers agrees with estimates based on measurement of carbon fluxes into the deep ocean and nitrate fluxes into the upper ocean during 1989-90 and 1992-93, verifying for the first time the utility of chemical tracers for determining biological fluxes in the ocean. Our results suggest that in the euphotic zone (the upper 100 m of the ocean), the net biological O{sub 2} production is 1.0-2. 0 moles m{sup -2}yr{sup - 1}. Inert gas (Ar, N{sub 2}) supersaturation levels show that air and bubble injection are important modes of air-sea gas transfer in the Station ALOHA region.

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9 p.

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OSTI as DE96010930

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  • Other Information: PBD: [1996]

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  • Other: DE96010930
  • Report No.: DOE/ER/61037--4
  • Grant Number: FG06-90ER61037
  • DOI: 10.2172/260993 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 260993
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc671474

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  • May 1, 1996

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Nov. 25, 2015, 6:45 p.m.

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Schudlich, R. & Emerson, S. Upper ocean model of dissolved atmospheric gases. Final report for the period 1 August 1991--31 May 1995, report, May 1, 1996; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc671474/: accessed December 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.