Status report of propagation models: Middle East and North Africa (S5.3)

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An improved understanding of the influence that tectonic structure has on regional seismic phases is needed to improve the current performance of regional discriminants and their transportability to the Middle East and North Africa. In the case that the crustal structure can be approximated by a flat layered laterally invariant medium, layer-cake reflectivity modeling can be used to obtain an accurate representation of regional phases. However, a laterally heterogeneous crust is just as common as a layered cake structure and in this case large variations in regional phase amplitudes are not uncommon. For instance, it has been shown that rough ... continued below

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9 p.

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Schultz, C.A.; Patton, H.J. & Goldstein, P. November 1, 1995.

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Description

An improved understanding of the influence that tectonic structure has on regional seismic phases is needed to improve the current performance of regional discriminants and their transportability to the Middle East and North Africa. In the case that the crustal structure can be approximated by a flat layered laterally invariant medium, layer-cake reflectivity modeling can be used to obtain an accurate representation of regional phases. However, a laterally heterogeneous crust is just as common as a layered cake structure and in this case large variations in regional phase amplitudes are not uncommon. For instance, it has been shown that rough surface topography and undulations in the Moho can cause the transfer of energy between various surface wave modes and between surface waves and body waves greatly increasing the potential variability of seismic phases. Larger scale structure such as thickening or thinning of the crust can also greatly affect phase propagation. In some instances, changes between different tectonic regions such as that which occurs at a continental-oceanic boundary can completely block phases such as Lg rendering certain discriminants useless. In addition to structure along the path, lateral structure and free surface topography near the source and receiver can cause complex scattering effects with strong directional, frequency, and near-field effects. Given that the Middle East and North Africa cross many different tectonic boundaries, the authors are using numerical propagation models to understand how the relevant tectonic features affect the propagation of primary discriminant phases.

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9 p.

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OSTI as DE96010760

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  • Other Information: PBD: Nov 1995

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  • Other: DE96010760
  • Report No.: UCRL-ID--122569
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/231386 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 231386
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc670931

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  • November 1, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Feb. 23, 2016, 12:28 p.m.

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Schultz, C.A.; Patton, H.J. & Goldstein, P. Status report of propagation models: Middle East and North Africa (S5.3), report, November 1, 1995; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc670931/: accessed October 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.