Ground water flow velocity in the bank of the Columbia River, Hanford, Washington

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Description

To properly characterize the transport of contaminants from the sediments beneath the Hanford Site into the Columbia River, a suite of In Situ Permeable Flow Sensors was deployed to accurately characterize the hydrologic regime in the banks of the river. The three dimensional flow velocity was recorded on an hourly basis from mid May to mid July, 1994 and for one week in September. The first data collection interval coincided with the seasonal high water level in the river while the second interval reflected conditions during relatively low seasonal river stage. Two flow sensors located approximately 50 feet from the ... continued below

Physical Description

18 p.

Creation Information

Ballard, S. December 1, 1995.

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This report is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this report can be viewed below.

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Author

  • Ballard, S. Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Geophysics Dept.

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  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Publisher Info: Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
    Place of Publication: Albuquerque, New Mexico

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Description

To properly characterize the transport of contaminants from the sediments beneath the Hanford Site into the Columbia River, a suite of In Situ Permeable Flow Sensors was deployed to accurately characterize the hydrologic regime in the banks of the river. The three dimensional flow velocity was recorded on an hourly basis from mid May to mid July, 1994 and for one week in September. The first data collection interval coincided with the seasonal high water level in the river while the second interval reflected conditions during relatively low seasonal river stage. Two flow sensors located approximately 50 feet from the river recorded flow directions which correlated very well with river stage, both on seasonal and diurnal time scales. During time intervals characterized by falling river stage, the flow sensors recorded flow toward the river while flow away from the river was recorded during times of rising river stage. The flow sensor near the river in the Hanford Formation recorded a component of flow oriented vertically downward, probably reflecting the details of the hydrostratigraphy in close proximity to the probe. The flow sensor near the river in the Ringold Formation recorded an upward component of flow which dominated the horizontal components most of the time. The upward flow in the Ringold probably reflects regional groundwater flow into the river. The magnitudes of the flow velocities recorded by the flow sensors were lower than expected, probably as a result of drilling induced disturbance of the hydraulic properties of the sediments around the probes. The probes were installed with resonant sonic drilling which may have compacted the sediments immediately surrounding the probes, thereby reducing the hydraulic conductivity adjacent to the probes and diverting the groundwater flow away from the sensors.

Physical Description

18 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE96005044

Source

  • Other Information: PBD: Dec 1995

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Identifier

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  • Other: DE96005044
  • Report No.: SAND--95-2187
  • Grant Number: AC04-94AL85000
  • DOI: 10.2172/188569 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 188569
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc670783

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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Creation Date

  • December 1, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

Description Last Updated

  • April 14, 2016, 7:46 p.m.

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Citations, Rights, Re-Use

Ballard, S. Ground water flow velocity in the bank of the Columbia River, Hanford, Washington, report, December 1, 1995; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc670783/: accessed April 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.