Development of dense ceramic membranes for methane conversion

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The most significant cost associated with partial oxidation of methane to syngas is that of the oxygen plant. In this paper, the authors offer a technology, based on dense ceramic membranes, that uses air as the oxidant for methane conversion reactions, thus eliminating the need for the oxygen plant. Certain ceramic materials exhibit both electronic and ionic conductivities (of particular interest is oxygen-ion conductivity). These materials transport not only oxygen ions (functioning as selective oxygen separators) but also electrons back from the reactor side to the oxygen/reduction interface. No external electrodes are required, and, if the driving potential of transport ... continued below

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7 p.

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Balachandran, U.; Dusek, J.T.; Maiya, P.S.; Ma, B.; Mieville, R.L.; Kleefisch, M.S. et al. June 1, 1995.

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Description

The most significant cost associated with partial oxidation of methane to syngas is that of the oxygen plant. In this paper, the authors offer a technology, based on dense ceramic membranes, that uses air as the oxidant for methane conversion reactions, thus eliminating the need for the oxygen plant. Certain ceramic materials exhibit both electronic and ionic conductivities (of particular interest is oxygen-ion conductivity). These materials transport not only oxygen ions (functioning as selective oxygen separators) but also electrons back from the reactor side to the oxygen/reduction interface. No external electrodes are required, and, if the driving potential of transport is adequate, the partial oxidation reactions should be spontaneous. Such a system will operate without an externally applied potential. Oxygen is transported across the ceramic material in the form of oxygen ions, not oxygen molecules. Recent reports in the literature suggest that dense ceramic membranes made of these mixed conductors can successfully separate oxygen from air at flux rates that could be considered commercially feasible. Thus, these membranes have the potential to improve the economics of methane conversion processes. In principle, the dense ceramic materials can be shaped into hollow-tube reactors, in which air passes over the outside of the membrane and methane flows through the inside. The surfaces can also be reversed. The membrane is permeable to oxygen at high temperatures, but not to nitrogen or other gases. Thus, only oxygen from air can be transported through the membrane to the inside of the reactor surface, where it reacts with methane. Other geometric forms, such as honeycombs or corrugations, of the reactor are possible and can provide substantially greater surface areas for reaction.

Physical Description

7 p.

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OSTI as DE96005222

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  • 4. international natural gas conversion symposium, Kruger National Park (South Africa), 19-23 Nov 1995

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  • Other: DE96005222
  • Report No.: ANL/ET/CP--85511
  • Report No.: CONF-9511172--1
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 195636
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc670563

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  • June 1, 1995

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Dec. 16, 2015, 12:20 p.m.

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Balachandran, U.; Dusek, J.T.; Maiya, P.S.; Ma, B.; Mieville, R.L.; Kleefisch, M.S. et al. Development of dense ceramic membranes for methane conversion, article, June 1, 1995; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc670563/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.