Development of low-level radioactive waste disposal capacity in the United States - progress or stalemate?

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Description

It has been fifteen years since responsibility for the disposal of commercially generated low-level radioactive waste (LLW) was shifted to the states by the United States Congress through the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 (LLRWPA). In December 1985, Congress revisited the issue and enacted the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 (LLRWPAA). No new disposal sites have opened yet, however, and it is now evident that disposal facility development is more complex, time-consuming, and controversial than originally anticipated. For a nation with a large nuclear power industry, the lack of availability of LLW disposal capacity coupled ... continued below

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11 p.

Creation Information

Devgun, J.S. & Larson, G.S. December 31, 1995.

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  • Devgun, J.S. Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
  • Larson, G.S. Midwest Low-Level Radioactive Waste Commission, St. Paul, MN (United States)

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Description

It has been fifteen years since responsibility for the disposal of commercially generated low-level radioactive waste (LLW) was shifted to the states by the United States Congress through the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 (LLRWPA). In December 1985, Congress revisited the issue and enacted the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 (LLRWPAA). No new disposal sites have opened yet, however, and it is now evident that disposal facility development is more complex, time-consuming, and controversial than originally anticipated. For a nation with a large nuclear power industry, the lack of availability of LLW disposal capacity coupled with a similar lack of high-level radioactive waste disposal capacity could adversely affect the future viability of the nuclear energy option. The U.S. nuclear power industry, with 109 operating reactors, generates about half of the LLW shipped to commercial disposal sites and faces dwindling access to waste disposal sites and escalating waste management costs. The other producers of LLW - industries, government (except the defense related research and production waste), academic institutions, and medical institutions that account for the remaining half of the commercial LLW - face the same storage and cost uncertainties. This paper will summarize the current status of U.S. low-level radioactive waste generation and the status of new disposal facility development efforts by the states. The paper will also examine the factors that have contributed to delays, the most frequently suggested alternatives, and the likelihood of change.

Physical Description

11 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE96005280

Source

  • 5. international conference on radioactive waste management and environmental remediation, Berlin (Germany), 3-9 Sep 1995

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  • Other: DE96005280
  • Report No.: ANL/CMT/CP--85434
  • Report No.: CONF-950917--19
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • DOI: 10.2172/192413 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 192413
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc670386

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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Creation Date

  • December 31, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Dec. 16, 2015, 12:20 p.m.

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Devgun, J.S. & Larson, G.S. Development of low-level radioactive waste disposal capacity in the United States - progress or stalemate?, report, December 31, 1995; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc670386/: accessed November 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.