Coal-Mine Explosions and Coal- and Metal-Mine Fires in the United States During the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1943 Page: 1
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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR - BUREAU OF MINES
COAL-MINE EXPLOSIONS 'AND COAL- AND METAL-MINE
FIRES IN THE UNITED STATES DURING THE
FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 1943./
By D. Harrington./ and W. J. Fene3_/
Insofar as prevention of mine explosions is concerned, it is appa-
rent that the coal-mining industry has profited but little from experiences
during the past 15 years. The fact that explosions can be prevented if
well-known preventive measures are adopted and conscientiously carried
out appears to warrant the conclusion that many coal-mining people are
indifferent to the hazards that may result in explosions. Although the
principal burden of preventing explosions is upon the management, and
much of the evident carelessness in failing to place in effect and to en-
force suitable precautions, is assessable directly against management,
the worker also has a very definite responsibility, and numerous explo-
sions have resulted because of his failure to carry out his part in
accepted principles of safety.
The record of fatalities from mine explosions during the past 5
fiscal years has been anything but encouraging or about which coal-
mining people can take pride; more men were killed by explosions (673)
than were killed from the same cause during the preceding eight years
combined (577). During each of the fiscal years 1942 and 1943, 152
fatalities resulted from explosions, compared to 163 during the fiscal
year 1941, 206 in 1940, and only 16 in 1939.
1/ The Bureau of Mines will welcome reprinting of this paper, provided
the following footnote acknowledgment is made: "Reprinted from
Bureau of Mines Information Circular 7274."
2/ Chief, Health and Safety Service, Bureau of Mines, Washington, D. C.
_/ Chief, Coal Section, Mineral Production Security Division, Bureau
of Mines, Washington, D. C.
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Harrington, D. & Fene, W. J. Coal-Mine Explosions and Coal- and Metal-Mine Fires in the United States During the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1943, report, February 1944; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc67030/m1/3/: accessed April 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.