Radon entry into buildings: Effects of atmospheric pressure fluctuations and building structural factors

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An improved understanding of the factors that control radon entry into buildings is needed in order to reduce the public health risks caused by exposure to indoor radon. This dissertation examines three issues associated with radon entry into buildings: (1) the influence of a subslab gravel layer and the size of the openings between the soil and the building interior on radon entry; (2) the effect of atmospheric pressure fluctuations on radon entry; and (3) the development and validation of mathematical models which simulate radon and soil-gas entry into houses. Experiments were conducted using two experimental basements to examine the ... continued below

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297 p.

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Robinson, A.L. May 1, 1996.

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This thesis or dissertation is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 19 times . More information about this document can be viewed below.

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  • Robinson, A.L. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

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Description

An improved understanding of the factors that control radon entry into buildings is needed in order to reduce the public health risks caused by exposure to indoor radon. This dissertation examines three issues associated with radon entry into buildings: (1) the influence of a subslab gravel layer and the size of the openings between the soil and the building interior on radon entry; (2) the effect of atmospheric pressure fluctuations on radon entry; and (3) the development and validation of mathematical models which simulate radon and soil-gas entry into houses. Experiments were conducted using two experimental basements to examine the influence of a subslab gravel layer on advective radon entry driven by steady indoor-outdoor pressure differences. These basement structures are identical except that in one the floor slab lies directly on native soil whereas in the other the slab lies on a high-permeability gravel layer. The measurements indicate that a high permeability subslab gravel layer increases the advective radon entry rate into the structure by as much as a factor of 30. The magnitude of the enhancement caused by the subslab gravel layer depends on the area of the openings in the structure floor; the smaller the area of these openings the larger the enhancement in the radon entry rate caused by the subslab gravel layer. A three-dimensional, finite-difference model correctly predicts the effect of a subslab gravel layer and open area configuration on advective radon entry driven by steady indoor-outdoor pressure differences; however, the model underpredicts the absolute entry rate into each structure by a factor of 1.5.

Physical Description

297 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE96013155

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  • Other Information: TH: Thesis (Ph.D.)

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  • Other: DE96013155
  • Report No.: LBNL--38843
  • Grant Number: AC03-76SF00098
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 266673
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc670290

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • May 1, 1996

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • April 5, 2016, 12:06 p.m.

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Robinson, A.L. Radon entry into buildings: Effects of atmospheric pressure fluctuations and building structural factors, thesis or dissertation, May 1, 1996; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc670290/: accessed November 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.