Ion sorption onto hydrous ferric oxides: Effect on major element fluid chemistry at Aspo, Sweden

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The observed variability of fluid chemistry at the Aespoe Hard Rock Laboratory is not fully described by conservative fluid mixing models. Ion exchange may account for some of the observed discrepancies. It is also possible that variably charged solids such as oxyhydroxides of Fe can serve as sources and sinks of anions and cations through surface complexation. Surface complexation reactions on hydrous ferric oxides involve sorption of both cations and anions. Geochemical modeling of the surface chemistry of hydrous ferric oxides (HFOs) in equilibrium with shallow HBH02 and deep KA0483A waters shows that HFOs can serve as significant, pH-sensitive sources ... continued below

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23 p.

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Bruton, C.J. & Viani, B.E. June 1, 1996.

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Description

The observed variability of fluid chemistry at the Aespoe Hard Rock Laboratory is not fully described by conservative fluid mixing models. Ion exchange may account for some of the observed discrepancies. It is also possible that variably charged solids such as oxyhydroxides of Fe can serve as sources and sinks of anions and cations through surface complexation. Surface complexation reactions on hydrous ferric oxides involve sorption of both cations and anions. Geochemical modeling of the surface chemistry of hydrous ferric oxides (HFOs) in equilibrium with shallow HBH02 and deep KA0483A waters shows that HFOs can serve as significant, pH-sensitive sources and sinks for cations and anions. Carbonate sorption is favored especially at below-neutral pH. A greater mass of carbonate is sorbed onto HFO surfaces than is contained in the fluid when 10 g goethite, used as a proxy for HFOs, is in contact with 1 kg H{sub 2}O. The masses of sorbent required to significantly impact fluid chemistry through sorption/desorption reactions seem to be reasonable when compared to the occurrences of HFOs at Aespoe. Thus, it is possible that small changes in fluid chemistry can cause significant releases of cations or anions from HFOs into the fluid phase or, alternately, result in uptake of aqueous species onto HFO surfaces. Simulations of the mixing of shallow HBH02 and native KA0483A waters in the presence of a fixed mass of goethite show that surface complexation does not cause the concentrations of Ca, Sr, and SO{sub 4} to deviate from those that are predicted using conservative mixing models. Results for HCO{sub 3} are more difficult to interpret and cannot be addressed adequately at this time.

Physical Description

23 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE96012920

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  • 2. Aspo international geochemistry workshop, Aspo (Sweden), 6-7 Jun 1995

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  • Other: DE96012920
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--124329
  • Report No.: CONF-9506374--2
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/270704 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 270704
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc670252

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  • June 1, 1996

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Feb. 18, 2016, 6:38 p.m.

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Bruton, C.J. & Viani, B.E. Ion sorption onto hydrous ferric oxides: Effect on major element fluid chemistry at Aspo, Sweden, report, June 1, 1996; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc670252/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.