What is desirable and feasible in dose reconstruction for application in epidemiological studies?

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Epidemiological studies of populations are of two general forms, monitoring or formal, and serve several possible purposes. Monitoring studies inform members of potentially affected population groups of the nature and magnitude of the risks that might have been imposed on them. Formal epidemiological studies can increase scientific knowledge about the quantitative risk that attends exposure. Risks of human health due to radiation exposure are most appropriately estimated by means of formal epidemiological studies. Dosimetric data are essential for any epidemiological study, but the detail and accuracy needed depend on the purposes to be served. If the need is for a ... continued below

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11 p.

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Bouville, A.; Beebe, G.W. & Anspaugh, L. February 1, 1996.

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Description

Epidemiological studies of populations are of two general forms, monitoring or formal, and serve several possible purposes. Monitoring studies inform members of potentially affected population groups of the nature and magnitude of the risks that might have been imposed on them. Formal epidemiological studies can increase scientific knowledge about the quantitative risk that attends exposure. Risks of human health due to radiation exposure are most appropriately estimated by means of formal epidemiological studies. Dosimetric data are essential for any epidemiological study, but the detail and accuracy needed depend on the purposes to be served. If the need is for a monitoring study, then general information about doses will suffice. However, a formal study that is expected to contribute to scientific information about quantitative radiation risk requires careful individual dose estimation. This paper is devoted to the discussion of dosimetric data needed for formal epidemiological studies of populations exposed as a result of nuclear power operations. The recommendations made by the National Research Council have largely been followed. The examples used in this paper are relevant to the Chernobyl accident, which caused a large number of people to be exposed at relatively high doses and provided an opportunity for formal epidemiological studies to be initiated. The studies that are singled out are those of thyroid cancer among children who resided in Belarus and in Ukraine at the time of the accident, and those of leukemia among workers involved in the mitigation of the accident and in clean-up operations.

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11 p.

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INIS; OSTI as DE96012151

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  • 1. international conference of the European Commission, Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine on the consequences of the Chernobyl accident, Minsk (Belarus), 18-22 Mar 1996

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  • Other: DE96012151
  • Report No.: UCRL-JC--123709
  • Report No.: CONF-960332--3
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 261093
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc670130

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  • February 1, 1996

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Feb. 18, 2016, 11:23 a.m.

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Bouville, A.; Beebe, G.W. & Anspaugh, L. What is desirable and feasible in dose reconstruction for application in epidemiological studies?, article, February 1, 1996; California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc670130/: accessed October 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.