Advanced multistage turbine blade aerodynamics, performance, cooling, and heat transfer

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The gas turbine has the potential for power production at the highest possible efficiency. The challenge is to ensure that gas turbines operate at the optimum efficiency so as to use the least fuel and produce minimum emissions. A key component to meeting this challenge is the turbine. Turbine performance, both aerodynamics and heat transfer, is one of the barrier advanced gas turbine development technologies. This is a result of the complex, highly three-dimensional and unsteady flow phenomena in the turbine. Improved turbine aerodynamic performance has been achieved with three-dimensional highly-loaded airfoil designs, accomplished utilizing Euler or Navier-Stokes Computational Fluid ... continued below

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7 p.

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Fleeter, S. & Lawless, P.B. December 31, 1995.

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Description

The gas turbine has the potential for power production at the highest possible efficiency. The challenge is to ensure that gas turbines operate at the optimum efficiency so as to use the least fuel and produce minimum emissions. A key component to meeting this challenge is the turbine. Turbine performance, both aerodynamics and heat transfer, is one of the barrier advanced gas turbine development technologies. This is a result of the complex, highly three-dimensional and unsteady flow phenomena in the turbine. Improved turbine aerodynamic performance has been achieved with three-dimensional highly-loaded airfoil designs, accomplished utilizing Euler or Navier-Stokes Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes. These design codes consider steady flow through isolated blade rows. Thus they do not account for unsteady flow effects. However, unsteady flow effects have a significant impact on performance. Also, CFD codes predict the complete flow field. The experimental verification of these codes has traditionally been accomplished with point data - not corresponding plane field measurements. Thus, although advanced CFD predictions of the highly complex and three-dimensional turbine flow fields are available, corresponding data are not. To improve the design capability for high temperature turbines, a detailed understanding of the highly unsteady and three-dimensional flow through multi-stage turbines is necessary. Thus, unique data are required which quantify the unsteady three-dimensional flow through multi-stage turbine blade rows, including the effect of the film coolant flow. Also, as design CFD codes do not account for unsteady flow effects, the next logical challenge and the current thrust in CFD code development is multiple-stage analyses that account for the interactions between neighboring blade rows. Again, to verify and or direct the development of these advanced codes, complete three-dimensional unsteady flow field data are needed.

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7 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96008943

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  • Advanced turbine systems (ATS) annual review, Morgantown, WV (United States), 17-18 Oct 1995

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  • Other: DE96008943
  • Report No.: DOE/MC/29061--96/C0666
  • Report No.: CONF-9510109--34
  • Grant Number: FC21-92MC29061
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 219516
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc669991

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • December 31, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Nov. 18, 2015, 11:49 a.m.

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Fleeter, S. & Lawless, P.B. Advanced multistage turbine blade aerodynamics, performance, cooling, and heat transfer, article, December 31, 1995; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc669991/: accessed November 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.