Engineering analysis of the use of compression refrigerants in the thin polymer icemaker

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Description

In previous studies the authors have developed the concept of an ice-making device constructed of thin polymer films, arranged so that when filled with a cold fluid they expand in a set of parallel tubes, on the exterior of which ice forms. When the ice is about one millimeter thick, the cold fluid is removed from the tubes and they collapse, being pulled away from the ice by a vacuum within. The device has been successfully demonstrated in a version where the tubes are filled with a water-ethylene glycol brine. This was followed by an economic assessment which indicated that ... continued below

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38 p.

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Leigh, R. & Andrews, J. November 1, 1995.

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Description

In previous studies the authors have developed the concept of an ice-making device constructed of thin polymer films, arranged so that when filled with a cold fluid they expand in a set of parallel tubes, on the exterior of which ice forms. When the ice is about one millimeter thick, the cold fluid is removed from the tubes and they collapse, being pulled away from the ice by a vacuum within. The device has been successfully demonstrated in a version where the tubes are filled with a water-ethylene glycol brine. This was followed by an economic assessment which indicated that the device would be even more competitive with existing systems if the compression refrigerant itself were admitted into the polymer film structure on which the ice forms. This report presents an engineering study of such a system, examines the outstanding questions which must still be answered and assesses the potential economics of the system. The authors develop preliminary designs for systems using R-134a and R-C318 as refrigerants which satisfy code requirements. They use standard thermodynamic and heat transfer analysis to determine expected performance for the systems, and combine this with component and assembly cost estimates to prepare life-cycle costs for the two new systems. Comparing them to commercially available systems, they find that these ``polymer evaporator`` systems seem to be completely feasible technically and that if they are successfully demonstrated, they should have substantial economic advantages over existing ice-making devices.

Physical Description

38 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96003675

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  • Other Information: PBD: Nov 1995

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  • Other: DE96003675
  • Report No.: BNL--62383
  • Grant Number: AC02-76CH00016
  • DOI: 10.2172/188594 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 188594
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc669616

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • November 1, 1995

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Dec. 7, 2015, 3:54 p.m.

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Leigh, R. & Andrews, J. Engineering analysis of the use of compression refrigerants in the thin polymer icemaker, report, November 1, 1995; Upton, New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc669616/: accessed October 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.