Base hydrolysis kinetics of HMX-based explosives using sodium carbonate

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Sodium carbonate has been identified as a possible hydrolysis reagent for decomposing HMX-based explosives to water soluble, non-energetic products. In this study, the reaction kinetics of sodium carbonate hydrolysis are examined and a reaction model is developed. The rate of hydrolysis is reaction rate limited, opposed to mass transfer limited, up to 150{degrees}C. Greater than 99% of the explosive solids in powder form are destroyed in less than 10 minutes at a temperature of 150{degrees}C. The primary products from sodium carbonate hydrolysis are sodium nitrite, formate, nitrate, acetate, glycolate, hexamine, nitrogen gas, nitrous oxide, and ammonia.

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16 p.

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Bishop, R.L.; Skidmore, C.; Flesner, R.L.; Dell`orco, P.C.; Spontarelli, T.; Uher, K.J. et al. July 1, 1996.

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Description

Sodium carbonate has been identified as a possible hydrolysis reagent for decomposing HMX-based explosives to water soluble, non-energetic products. In this study, the reaction kinetics of sodium carbonate hydrolysis are examined and a reaction model is developed. The rate of hydrolysis is reaction rate limited, opposed to mass transfer limited, up to 150{degrees}C. Greater than 99% of the explosive solids in powder form are destroyed in less than 10 minutes at a temperature of 150{degrees}C. The primary products from sodium carbonate hydrolysis are sodium nitrite, formate, nitrate, acetate, glycolate, hexamine, nitrogen gas, nitrous oxide, and ammonia.

Physical Description

16 p.

Notes

OSTI as DE96012627

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  • 2. international conference on combustion: "conversion and environmental problems of energetic materials": workshop on "peaceful utilization of energetic materials", St. Petersburg (Russian Federation), 3-6 Jun 1996

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  • Other: DE96012627
  • Report No.: LA-UR--96-1818
  • Report No.: CONF-9606228--2
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 273281
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc669081

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  • July 1, 1996

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • April 21, 2016, 10:13 p.m.

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Bishop, R.L.; Skidmore, C.; Flesner, R.L.; Dell`orco, P.C.; Spontarelli, T.; Uher, K.J. et al. Base hydrolysis kinetics of HMX-based explosives using sodium carbonate, article, July 1, 1996; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc669081/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.