Technical considerations and policy requirements for plutonium management

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Description

The goals for plutonium management have changed dramatically over the past few years. Today, the challenge is focused on isolating plutonium from the environment and preparing it for permanent disposition. In parallel, the requirements for managing plutonium are rapidly changing. For example, there is a significant increase in public awareness on how facilities operate, increased attention to environmental safety and health (ES and H) concerns, greater interest in minimizing waste, more emphasis on protecting material from theft, providing materials for international inspection, and a resurgence of interest in using plutonium as an energy source. Of highest concern, in the immediate ... continued below

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14 p.

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Christensen, D.C.; Dinehart, S.M. & Yarbro, S.L. December 31, 1995.

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Description

The goals for plutonium management have changed dramatically over the past few years. Today, the challenge is focused on isolating plutonium from the environment and preparing it for permanent disposition. In parallel, the requirements for managing plutonium are rapidly changing. For example, there is a significant increase in public awareness on how facilities operate, increased attention to environmental safety and health (ES and H) concerns, greater interest in minimizing waste, more emphasis on protecting material from theft, providing materials for international inspection, and a resurgence of interest in using plutonium as an energy source. Of highest concern, in the immediate future, is protecting plutonium from theft or diversion, while the national policy on disposition is debated. These expanded requirements are causing a broadening of responsibilities within the Department of Energy (DOE) to include at least seven organizations. An unavoidable consequence is the divergence in approach and short-term goals for managing similar materials within each organization. The technology base does exist, properly, safely, and cost effectively to extract plutonium from excess weapons, residues, waste, and contaminated equipment and facilities, and to properly stabilize it. Extracting the plutonium enables it to be easily inventoried, packaged, and managed to minimize the risk of theft and diversion. Discarding excess plutonium does not sufficiently reduce the risk of diversion, and as a result, long-term containment of plutonium from the environment may not be able to be proven to the satisfaction of the public.

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14 p.

Notes

INIS; OSTI as DE96005596

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  • Plutonium stabilization and immobilization workshop, Washington, DC (United States), 12-14 Dec 1995

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  • Other: DE96005596
  • Report No.: LA-UR--95-4295
  • Report No.: CONF-951259--2
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 195656
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc668666

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  • December 31, 1995

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Feb. 26, 2016, 6:37 p.m.

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Christensen, D.C.; Dinehart, S.M. & Yarbro, S.L. Technical considerations and policy requirements for plutonium management, article, December 31, 1995; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc668666/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.