U.S. Department of Energy physical protection upgrades at the Latvian Academy of Sciences Nuclear Research Center, Latvia Page: 1 of 7
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U. S. Department of Energy
Physical Protection Upgrades at the Latvian Academy of
Sciences Nuclear Research Center, Latvia*
Chet Hine, Chris Robertson, Mark
Sandia National Laborato
Albuquerque, New Mexi
U. S. Department of Energy R
S. Soo Hoo Antons Lapenas, Dzintars Kalnins
ries Latvian Nuclear Research Center
co Salaspils, Latvia
JUL 0 2 S
OS T I
Argonne National Laboratory
Approximately five years ago, the Safe, Secure
Dismantlement program was started between
the United States and countries of the Former
Soviet Union (FSU). The purpose of the
program is to accelerate progress toward reduc-
ing the risk of nuclear weapons proliferation,
including such threats as theft, diversion, and
unauthorized possession of nuclear materials.
This would be accomplished by strengthening
the material protection, control, and accounting
systems within the FSU countries.
Under the U.S. Department of Energy's
program of providing cooperative assistance to
the FSU countries in the areas of Material
Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC&A),
the Latvian Academy of Sciences Nuclear
Research Center (LNRC) near Riga, Latvia, was
identified as a candidate site for a cooperative
MPC&A project. The LNRC is the site of a
5-megawatt IRT-C pool-type research reactor.
The reactor was designed by the Kurchatov
Institute in Russia.
Maris Dambis, Andrejs Salmins
Latvian Nuclear Safety Inspectorate
This paper describes: the process involved,
from initial contracting to project completion,
for the physical protection upgrades now in
place at the LNRC; the intervening activities;
and a brief overview of the technical aspects of
the upgrades. Preliminary activities began with
an initial site visit in July 1994. Actual physical
protection upgrades began in May 1995 with .
contracts between Sandia National Laboratories
(SNL) and the LNRC. Upgrades have included
an access control system, intrusion detection . .
system, video surveillance system, and an inte-
grated alarm communications and assessment
system. Latvian facility operators played a key
role in the upgrades, from system design and -
layout to site preparation and hardware instal-
lation. Also, as part of the upgrades, key -
Latvian officials received training on U.S. - - --
approaches to physical protection, and opera-
tional security procedures were developed with
cooperation from facility personnel. All identi-
fied physical protection upgrades are now in
place and have been turned over for operational
use by the Latvian authorities. LNRC is the
first of DOE's MPC&A programs in the newly
independent states (NIS) to be completed.
This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy's Russia/NIS Nuclear Materials
Security Task Force.
This work was supported by the United
States Department of Energy under
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Haase, M.; Hine, C.; Robertson, C.; Soo Hoo, M. S.; Engling, E.; Lapenas, A. et al. U.S. Department of Energy physical protection upgrades at the Latvian Academy of Sciences Nuclear Research Center, Latvia, article, December 31, 1966; Albuquerque, New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc668501/m1/1/: accessed January 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.