Performance of cryogenically cooled, high-heat-load silicon crystal monochromators with porous media augmentation

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The performance of two Si crystal x-ray monochromators internally cooled with liquid nitrogen was tested on the F2-wiggler beamline at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS). Both crystals were (111)-oriented blocks of rectangular cross section having identical dimensions. Seven 6.4-mm-diameter coolant channels were drilled through the crystals along the beam direction. In one of the crystals, porous Cu mesh inserts were bonded into the channels to enhance the heat transfer. The channels of the second crystal were left as drilled. Symmetric, double-crystal rocking curves were recorded simultaneously for both the first and third order reflections at 8 and 24 ... continued below

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8 p.

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Rogers, C.S.; Mills, D.M.; Assoufid, L. & Graber, T. January 1, 1996.

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The performance of two Si crystal x-ray monochromators internally cooled with liquid nitrogen was tested on the F2-wiggler beamline at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS). Both crystals were (111)-oriented blocks of rectangular cross section having identical dimensions. Seven 6.4-mm-diameter coolant channels were drilled through the crystals along the beam direction. In one of the crystals, porous Cu mesh inserts were bonded into the channels to enhance the heat transfer. The channels of the second crystal were left as drilled. Symmetric, double-crystal rocking curves were recorded simultaneously for both the first and third order reflections at 8 and 24 keV. The power load on the cooled crystal was adjusted by varying the horizontal beam size using slits. The measured Si(333) rocking curve of the unenhanced crystal at 24 keV at low power was 1.9 arcsec FWHM. The theoretical width is 0.63 arcsec. The difference is due to residual fabrication and mounting strain. For a maximum incident power of 601 W and an average power density of about 10 W/MM{sup 2}, the rocking curve was 2.7 arcsec. The rocking curve for the enhanced crystal at low power was 2.4 arcsec. At a maximum incident power of 1803 W and an average power density of about 19 W/mm{sup 2} the rocking curve width was 2.2 arcsec FWHM. The use of porous mesh augmentation is a simple, but very effective, means to improve the performance of cryogenically cooled Si monochromators exposed to high power x-ray beams.

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8 p.

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OSTI as DE96007230

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  • SRI `95: synchrotron radiation instrumentation symposium and the 7. users meeting for the advanced photon source (APS), Argonne, IL (United States), 16-20 Oct 1995

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  • Other: DE96007230
  • Report No.: ANL/XFD/CP--87518
  • Report No.: CONF-9510119--14
  • Grant Number: W-31109-ENG-38
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 202437
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc666307

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  • January 1, 1996

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  • June 29, 2015, 9:42 p.m.

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  • Dec. 18, 2015, 4:22 p.m.

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Rogers, C.S.; Mills, D.M.; Assoufid, L. & Graber, T. Performance of cryogenically cooled, high-heat-load silicon crystal monochromators with porous media augmentation, article, January 1, 1996; Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc666307/: accessed December 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.